Modern English     LErrnm@mnP

the main object of this first lesson is to enable the teacher

to get to know the students and the students to get to know

each other.

an oral approach

1 GETTING ACQUAINTED. PART1

Teacher       Hello. I'm Mr.Smith.

Student       I'm Miss Saito.

Teacher       Nice to meet you, Miss Saito.

 

2 GETTING ACQUAINTED. PART2

(a) Two men

Student1       Hello. I'm Kenji Matsuo.

Student2       Nice to meet you, Mr.Matsuo.

              My name's Osamu Kato.

Student1       Nice to meet you, Mr.Kato.

(b) Two women

Student3      Hello. I'm Yasuko Saito.

Student4      Nice to meet you, Miss Saito.

             My name's Michiko Shimizu.

             Nice to meet you Miss Shimizu.

(c) Man and women

Student5      Hello. I'm Hanako Sonoda.

Student6      Nice to meet you, Miss Sonoda.

             My name's Koichi Hirose.

Student5      Nice to meet you, Mr.Hirose.

 

 

 

3 SELF INTRODUCTIONS

(a)  My name's Yasuko Saito.

     I live in Tokyo.

     I go to school.

     I like music and skiing.

(b)  My name's Kenji Matsuo.

     I live in Osaka.

     I work for firm.

     I like reading and golf.@

4 GETTING ACQUAINTED. PART3

Mr.Matsuo   May I ask your name?

Miss Saito   I'm Yasuko Saito.

Mr.Matsuo   How do you do, Miss Saito?

            I'm Kenji Matsuo.

Miss Saito   I'm glad to know you, Mr.Matsuo.

Practice

S.1    May I ask your name?

S.2    I'm  Hironobu Asukabe.

S.1    How do you do, Mr.Asukabe.

       I'm Yasushi Yamamoto.

S.2    I'm glad to know you, Mr.Yamamoto.

5  SUBSTITUTION DRILLS

(a)    Do you live near here?

       Does he live near here?

       Do they live near here?

Continue

1. she                Does she live near here?

2. Yasuko          @ Does Yasuko live near here?

3. Kenji            @ Does Kenji live near here?

4. Miss Saito          Does Miss Saito live near here?

5. Mr Matsuo          Does Mr.Matsuo live near here?

6. you                Do you live near here?

7. that boy            Does that boy live near here?

8. that girl            Does that girl live near here?

9. that gentleman      Does that gentleman live near here?

10. that young lady    Does that young lady live near here?

      I live in Tokyo.      What about you?

      She lives in Tokyo.   What about you?

      She lives in Nagoya   What about you?

Continue

1. We               We live in Nagoya. What about you?

2. he                He lives in Nagoya. What about you?

3. I                 I live in Nagoya. What about you?

4. Kenji             Kenji lives in Nagoya What about you?

5. they              They live in Nagoya What about you?

6. Sendai            They live in Sendai. What about you?

7. Yasuko           Yasuko lives in Sendai. What about you?

8. We               We live in Sendai. What about you?

 

6 GETTING ACQUAINTED. PART 4

 

Mr.Matsuo          Do you live near here, Miss Saito?

Miss Saito          I live in Tokyo. What about you?

Mr.Matsuo          I live in Osaka.

Practice

S1.      Do you live near here, Mr Yamamoto?

S2.      I live in Tokoname What about you?

 S1.      I live in Mihama Town.

 

7  SUBSTITUTION DRILLS

                     What do you do?

                     What does he do?

                     What does she do?

Continue

1. Yasuko             What does Yasuko do?

2. Kenji               What does Kenji do?

3. Miss Saito          What does Miss Saito do?

4. Mr. Matsuo         What does Mr. Matsuo do?

5. that girl            What does that girl do?

6. that boy           What that boy do?

7. that young lady     What does that young lady do?

8. that gentleman      What does that gentleman do?

 

I  work  for I.B.M.

He works for I.B.M.

We work  for I.B.M.

Continue

1. a bank                 I work for a bank.

2. an oil company         I work for  an oil company.

3. an electric company     I work for an electric company.

4. an office               I work for in an office.

5. in a hospital            I work for in a hospital.

6. in a restaurant          I work for in a restaurant.

7. in a post office         I work for in a post office.

8. at a university          I work for at a university.

9. at home                I work at home.

10. for a trading firm      I work for a trading firm.

11. for myself            I work for myself.

           I go to high school.

           He goes to high school.

           He goes to the university.

Continue

1. they                  They go to the university.

2. a language institute     They go to a language institute.

3. Miss Saito             Miss Saito goes to a language institute.

4. that young lady        That young lady goes to a language institute.

5. my sister              My sister goes to a language institute.

6. law school             My sister goes to law school.

7. medical school         My sister goes to medical school.

8. that young man        That young man goes to medical school.

9. my brother            My brother goes to medical school.

10. junior high school     My brother goes to junior high school.

11. my sisters            My sisters go to junior high school.

12. senior high school     My sisters go to senior high school.

13. Noriko               Noriko goes to college.

14. college               Noriko goes to college.

15. I                    I go to college.

(e) Teacher    high school   law school

S1  I go to high school. What about you?

S2 I go to law school.

Teacher Japan Airlines  a hospital

S3 I work for Japan Airlines. What about you?

S4 I work in hospital.

Continue

1. the university         I go to the university. What about you?

   junior high school    I go to junior high school.

2. a trading firm        I work for a trading firm. What about you?

    myself             I work for myself.

3. I.B.M.   an oil company  I work for I.B.M. What about you?

                      I work for an oil company.

4. medical school;      I go to medical school. What about you?

    college            I go to college.

5. high school         I go to high school. what about you?

  high school, too      I go to high school, too.

8   GETTING ACQUAINTED.  PART5

   Miss Saito   What do you do, Mr. Masuo?

Mr. Mastuo           I work for an electric company.

                     What about you?

Miss Saito            I go to high school.

Practice

S1   What do you do, Miss Kato?

S2   I stay at home. What about you?

S1   I go to the university.

S3   What do you do, Mr.Suzuki?

S4   I go to the university. What about you?

S3   I go to university, too.

S5   What do you do, Mr. Inoue?

S6   I work for a bank. What about you?

S5   I work for a trading firm.

 LESSON 2

 This lesson builds on the conversations practiced in Lesson 1 and ties them all together into a single dialogue which is to be mastered and acted out.  This concludes the

 introductory phase of the course in which the theme is getting acquainted, From Lesson 3, the standard format for the text is adopted.

1 THINGS WE LIKE

(a)      I like music.

        I like singing.

        I like playing the guitar.

Continue

1. sports        I like sports.

2. tennis        I like tennis.

3. golf          I like golf

4. animals       I like animals

5. dogs          I like dogs.

6. cats          I like cats.

7. dressmaking   I like dressmaking.

8. knitting       I like knitting.

9. eating        I like eating.

10. movies      I like movies.

11. television    I like television.

12. reading      I like reading.

13. painting      I like painting.

14. dancing      I like dancing.

(b)    What sort of things do you like?

      What sort of things does he like?

      What sort of things do they like?

Continue

1. she         What sort of things does she like?

2. Yasuko     What sort of things does Yasuko like?

3. Miss Saito  What sort of things does Miss Saito like?

4. you        What sort of things do you like?

5. Kenji       What sort of things does Kenji like?

6. Mr.Matsuo   What sort of things does Mr.Matsuo like?

 

(c)    I like music and skiing.

      She likes music and skiing.

      They like music and skiing.

Continue

1.  Yasuko           Yasuko likes music and skiing.

2. Miss Saito         Miss Saito likes music and skiing.

3. We               We like music and skiing.

4. reading and golf    We like reading and golf.

5. he                He likes reading and golf.

6. Mr.Matsuo         Mr. Matsuo likes reading and golf.

 

2.GETTING ACQUAINTED PART6

Mr. Matsuo         May I ask your name?

Miss Saito          I'm Yasuko Saito.

Mr. Matsuo         How do you do, Miss Saito ?  I'm Kenji Matsuo.

Miss Saito          I'm glad to know you, Mr,Matsuo.

Mr. Matsuo         Do you live near here?

Miss Saito          I live in Tokyo. What about you?

Mr. Matsuo         I live in Osaka.

Miss Saito          What do you do?

Mr. Matsuo         I work for am electric company. what about you?

Miss Saito          I like music and skiing. What about you/

Mr. Matsuo         I like reading and golf.

WH'S WHO?

     TEACHER                      STUDENTS

1. Who's this young lady?         That's Miss Saito.

2. Where does she live?           She lives in Tokyo.

3. Does she work?                No, she doesn't.

4. Does she go to school?         Yes, she does.

5. What sort of things does        She likes music and skiing.

   she like?

6. Who's this gentleman?          That's Mr.Sthmis.

7. Where does he live?            He lives in handa.

8. Does he go to school?          No, he doesn't.

9. Does he work?                 Yes, he does.

10. Where does he work?          He works for an electric company.

11. What sort of things            He likes reading and golf.

    does he like?

                      LESSON 3

Contracted forms of the verb be in adjective and noun patterns, the indefinite article a

and an before nouns beginning with consonants and vowels, and short answers to que-

stions form the grammatical theme of this lesson. Several contrary adjective pairs are

introduced.

DIALOGUE:  "HERE ON BUSINESS"

(Noriko is on the train on her way to college. She talks to Mr.Cole,an American busi-

nessmam in Japan, who is sitting opposite her.)

 

Noriko              Excuse me. Are you an American?

Mr.Cole             Yes, I am I'm from Newyork.

Noriko              Are you a tourist?      

Mr.Cole             No, I'm not. I'm here on business.

                    You're a student, I suppose.

Noriko              That's right. I go to college.

                    I'm studying English.

Mr.Cole             Is it easy?

Noriko              No, it isn't. It's very difficult.

Mr.Cole             Well, Japanese is a hard language too.

 

             ADJECTIVE PATTERNS. SUBSTITUTION

(a)          Affirmative forms

I'm busy.

You're busy.

He's busy.

She's busy.

We're busy.

They're busy.

Mr.Cole's busy.

Noriko's busy.

Continue

1. I              I'm busy.

2. hungry         I'm hungry.

3. he             He's hungry.

4. that boy       That boy's hungry.

5. tired           We're tired.

6. we            We're tired.

7. you            You're tired.

8. she            She's tired.

9. Noriko         Noriko's tired.

10. happy         Noriko's happy.

11. they          They're happy.

12. married       They're married.

13. Mr.Cole       Mr.Cole's married.

14. that man      That man's married.

15. single         That man's single.

16. I             I'm single.

17. we           We're single.

18. thirsty        We're thirsty.

19. he           He's thirsty.

20. they         They're thirsty.

(b) Negative forms

I'm not busy.

You aren't busy.

He isn't busy.

She isnft busy.

We aren't busy.

Mr.Cole isn't busy.

Noriko isn't busy.

continue

1. I              I'm not busy.

2. hungry         I'm not hungry.

3. he             He isn't hungry.

4. that boy       That boy isn't hungry.

5. tired          That boy isn7t tired.

6. We           We aren't tired.

7. you           You aren't tired.

8. she           She isn't tired.

9. Noriko        Noriko isn't tired.

10. happy        Noriko isnft happy.

11. they         They aren't happy.

12. married      They aren't married.

13. Mr. Cole     Mr. Cole isn't married.

14 that man      That man isn't married.

15. single        That man isn't single.

16. I            I'm not single.

17. We          We aren't single.

18. thirsty        We aren't thirsty.

19. he           He isn't thirsty.

20. they         They aren't thirsty.

(c)  Interrogative forms

Are you busy?

Is he busy?

Is she busy?

Are the busy?

Is Mr.Cole busy?

Is Noriko busy?

Continue

1.  you             Are you busy?

2.  hungry          Are you hungry?

3. he               Is he hungry?

4. that boy          Is that boy hungry?

5. tired             Is that boy tired?

6. they             Are they tired?

7. you             Are you tired?

8. she              Is she tired?

9. Noriko           Is Noriko tired?

10. happy           Is Noriko happy?

11. they            Are they happy?

12. married         Are they married?

13 Mr.Cole         Is Mr. Cole married?

14 that man        Is that man married?

15. single          Is that man single?

16. you            Are you single?

17. that lady        Is that lady single?

18. thirst           Is that lady thirsty?

19 he              Is he thirst?

20. they            Are they thirsty?

2 SIGULAR AND PLURAL. SUBSTITUTION

The class is interesting.

The classes're interesting.

The classes're important.

Continue

1. the class         The class is important.

2. necessary          The class is necessary.

3. it                It's  necessary.

4. the blackboard    The blackboard's necessary.

5. useful            The blackboard's useful.

6. the blackboards    The blackboards're useful.

7. they              They're useful.

8. important          They're important.

9. the lessen         The lesson's important.

10. easy             The lesson's easy.

11. the lessens       The lessons're easy,

12. difficult          The lessons're difficult.

13. the exercise      The exercise is  difficult.

14. hard             The exercise is  hard.

15. the exercises      The exercisesfs hard.

16. long             The exercises're long.

17. boring           The exercises're boring.

18. it                It's boring.

19.the book           The book's boring.

20. the books        The books're boring,

3 CONTRARY ADJECTIVES. Q&A

Teacher English - easy

 

S.1  Is English easy?

S.2  No, it isn't. It's difficult/hard.

Teacher  the classes - boring

S.3  Are the classed boring?

S.4  No, the aren't. They're interesting.

Continue

1. that student-short         Is that student short?

                          No, it isn't. he's tall.

2. Noriko -married          Is Noriko married?

                          No, she isn't. She's single.

3. this pen-cheap           Is this pen cheap?

                          No, it isn't. It's expensive.

4. this exercise-long         Is this exercise long?

                          No, it isn't. It's short.

5. his pronunciation-bad      Is his pronunciation bad?

                          No, it isn't. It's good .

6. the students-old          Are the students old?

                          No, they aren't. they're young.

7. that bag-heavy           Is that bag heavy?

                          No, it isn't. It's light.

8. these books-old          Are these books old?

                          No, they aren't. they'er new.

9. the dictionary-small       Is the dictionary small?

                          No, it isn't, It's big.

10. the weather-hot          Is the weather hot?

                          No, it isn't. It's cold.

11. the exercises-hard       Are the exercise hard?

                          No, they aren't. They're easy.

12. the desk - light         Is the desk light?

                          No, it isn't. It's heavy.

13. the classroom-large      Is the classroom large?

                          No, it isn't. It's small.

14. this notebook-new       Is this notebook new?

                          No, it isn't. It's old.

15. Mr.Cole-single          Is Mr.Cole single?

                          No, he isn't. He's married.

16. the lesson-interesting Is the lesson interesting?

                          No, it isn't, it's boring.

17. the girls-tall            Are the girls tall?

                          No, they aren't. They're short.

18. your book-expensive     Is your book expensive?

                          No, it isn't. Itfs cheap.

19. the lesson-short         Are the lesson short?

                          No, they aren't, They're long.

20. the teachers-young      Are the teachers young?

                          No, they aren't. they're old.

4 A AND AN WITH NOUNS

(a) 

before consonants Repetition

1. student-a student - I'm a student.

2. teacher - a teacher - You're a teacher.

3. doctor - a doctor - He's a doctor.

4. secretary - a secretary - She's a secretary.

5. blackboard- It' a blackboard.

(b) Before vowels Repetition

1. engineer  - an engineer - I'm an engineer.

2. American - an American - You're an American.

3. actor - an actor - He's an actor.

4. actress - an actress - She's an actress.

5. ashtray - an ashtray - It's an ashtray.

5 NOUN PATTARNS. SUBSTITUTION

 I'm a student.

 He' a student.

 Is he a student?

 Are you a student?

 Are you an office worker?

 Is she an office worker?

 She's an office worker.

 She isn't an office worker.

 I'm not an office worker.

Continue

1. Betty          Betty isn't an office worker.

2. nurse          Betty isn't a nurse.

3. I             I'm not a nurse.

4. she           She isn't a nurse.

5. affirmative    She is a nurse/

6. English teacher She's an English teacher.

7. he           He's an English teacher.

8. engineer      He's an engineer.

9. you          You're an engineer.

10. question     Are you an engineer?

11. salesman    Are you a salesman?

12. Mr. Cole    Is Mr, Cole a salesman?

13.businesman   Is Mr. Cole a businessman?

14, he         Is he a businessman?

15. actor       Is he an actor?

16. statement   He's an actor.

17. artist       He's an artist.

18. she        She's an artist/

19. housewife  She's a housewife.

20. negative   She's not a housewife.

21. you       You aren't a housewife.

22. I         I'm not a housewife.

23. doctor     I'm not a doctor.

24.  he       He isnft a doctor.

25.  (affirmative)   He's a doctor.

6    SHORT ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

Teacher   Is this Miss Suzuki?(referring to a member of the class)

S.1  Yes, it is. / No, it isnft.

Teacher       Is she a teacher? (referring to the same person)

S.2           Yes, she is. /No, she isnft.

Teacher       Is this Mr.Saito?

S.3           Yes, it is. /No, it isnft.

Teacher       Is Your name Ueda?

S.4           Yes it is. / No, it isnft.

Teacher  Are you Miss Yamamoto?

S.5           Yes I am. No, I'm not.

Continue

1. Am I an engineer?

2. Am I a teacher?

3. Are you a teacher?

4. Is this an English class?

5. Is your name Goto?

6. Are you Mr.Yasuda?

7. Are you married?

8. Are you single?

9. Is Mr.Suga..married?

10. Is MissDAsano a collage student?

11. Is Mr.Yamada. an office worker?

12. Are you a housewife?

13. Is this a dictionary?

14. Is it a textbook?

15. Are you tired, Misss.Kondou?

16. Is Miss.Hase. tired?

17. Are you hungry, Mr.Shmis?  

18. Is Mr..Fuzii. hungry?

19. Is the class boring, Miss.Ina?

20. Is it easy?

21. Is it hard?

22. Is it interesting?

23. Are you a tourist, Mr.Banno?

24. Is Miss.Hirose. a tourist?

25. Is Miss.Wasedo .here on business?

26. Are you here on business?

27. Am I old?

28. Is Mr.Hayasi. young?

29. Is his book old?

30. Is my book new?

                           LESSON 4

This lesson give further practice on patterns with be with adjectives describing nation-

alities, colors, personal qualities and weather. Various nouns describing occupations are

introduced with Chart 1, and the lesson ends with a series of questions to practice short

answers.

 

1 NATINONALITIES

(a) Repetition

1. Georg is from the United States.

   He's American.

2. Ann's from England. She's English.

3. Sally's from Canada. She's Canadian.

4. Tim's from Australia. He's Australian.

5. Colette's from France. He's French.

6. Hans is from Germany.@He's German.

7. Fernando's from Spain. He's Spanish.

8. Gina's from Italy.  She's Italian.

9. Ivan's from Russia.@Hefs Russian.

10. Jan's from Holland. He's Dutch.

11. Britt's from Sweden. She's Swedish.

12. Teresa's from Mexico.  She's Mexican.

13. Pedro's from Brazil. He's Brazilian.

14. Indira's from India.  She's Indian.

15. Mr.Chang's from China. He's Chinese.

16, Jomo's from Kenya.  He's Kenyan.

(b) Question and answers

Teacher George is from the United States.

S.1 George is American, I suppose.

S.2 That's right. Hefs from Baltimore.

Teacher  Ann's from England.

S.3  Ann's English, I suppose.

S.4  That's right. She's from Liverpool.

Continue

1. Sally's from Canada.       Sally's Canadian, I suppose.

                           That's right. She's from Vancouver.

2. Tim's from Australia.      Tim's Australian. I suppose.

                           That's right. He's from Sydney.

3. Colette's from France.     Colett's French, I suppose.

                           That's right. She's from Paris.

4. Haans is from Germany.   Hans is German. I suppose.

                           That right. He's from Munich.

5. Femando's from Spain.     Femando's Spanish. I suppose.

                           That's right. Hef from Barcelona.

6. Gina's from Italy.         Gina's Italian. I suppose.

                           That's right.  She's from Rome.

7. Ivan's from Rossia.        Ivan's Russian. I suppose.

                           That's right.  Hefs from Moscow.

8. Jan's from Holland.        Jan's Dutch, I suppose.

                           That's right. He's from Amsterdam.

9. Britt's from Sweden.       Britt's  Swedish, I suppose.

                           That's right. She's from Stockholm.

10. Teresa's from Mexico.     Teresa's Mexican, I suppose.

                           That's right. She's from Mexico City.

11. Pedoro's from Brazil.      Pedro's Brazilian, I suppose.

                           That's right. He7s from Rio de Janeiro.

12. Indira's from India.       Indera's Indian, I suppose.

                           That's right. She's from New Delhi.

13. Mr.Chang's from Chain.  Mr.Chang's Chines, I suppose.

                           that's right. He's from Peking.

14. Jomo's from Kenya.       Jomo's Kenyan, I suppose.

                           That's right. He's from Nairobi.

PERSONAL QUALITIES,WEATHER,COLORS.

SUBSTITUTION

(a) Personal qualities

He's a nice young man.

He's an interesting young man.

He's a careful young man.

Continue

He's a clever young man.

He's a quiet young man.

He's a shy young man.

He's a boring young man.

He's an intelligent young man.

He's a handsome young man.

He's a pleasant young man.

He's a hardworking young man.

He's an honest young man.

He's a careful young man.

He's a generous young man.

He's a nervous young man.

(b) weather

It's a nice day.

It's a hot day,

It's a cold day.

Continue

It's a warm day.

It's a cool day.

It's a fine day.

It's a sunny day.

It's a cloudy day.

It's a wet day.

It's a humid day.

It's a windy day.

It's freezing day.

It's a beautiful day.

It's a wonderful day.

It's a terrible day.

(c)  Colors

He's wearing a white shirt.

He's wearing a blue shirt.

He's wearing a yellow shirt.

Hefs wearing a green shirt.

He's wearing a red shirt.

He's wearing a pink shirt.

He's wearing a black shirt.

He's wearing a orange shirt.

He's wearing a brown shirt.

He's wearing a gray shirt.

He's wearing a colorful shirt.

He's wearing a light blue shirt.

He's wearing a light green shirt.

He's wearing a dark brown shirt.

He's wearing dark blue shirt.

He's wearing dark Grey shirt.

He's wearing bright red shirt.

He's wearing bright yellow shirt.

WHAT COLOR IS IT?

3 Teacher What color are Mr. smith's shoes?

Student1  These're black.

Teacher What's color is your dress, Miss Tanaka?

Student2  It's dark blue.

Teacher  What's color is Miss Kondou's purse?

Student3   Itfs light brown.

Continue other objects.

4 INTROSUCTION TO CHART 1. OCCUPATIONS

(a) Repetition

1. Luise Cullen's a  teacher.

2. John Bishop's a doctor.

3. Joe Richerds is an engineer.

4. Hellen Jonse is a housewife.

5. Bob Smith's a photographer.

6. Geoge Brown's a professional golfer.

7. Mary McBride's a nurse.

8. Larry King's a reporter.

9. Dave Jordan's a mechanic.

10. Sally Clark's a stewardess.

11. Susan Green's a secretary.

12. Sam Walton's a salesman.

(b) Questions

Teacher     Picture 1

Student1 Is Louise Cullen a teacher?

Teacher    Picture2

Student   Is John Bishop a doctor?

Continue

3. Is Joe Richards an engineer?

4. Is Helen Jones a housewife?

5. Is Bob Smith a photographer?

6. Is George Brown a professional golfer?

7. Is Mary Mcbride a nurse?

8. Is Larry King a reporter?

9. Is Dave Jorden a mechanic?

10. Is Sally Clark a stewardess?

11. Is Susan Green a secretary?

12. Is Sam Walton a salesman?

5  WHAT NATIONALITY ARE YOU?

Teacher   Mr. Cole's from the United States.

S.1 What nationality is Mr. Cole?

S.2 He's American.

S.1 Is he a tourist?

S..2 No, he isn't. He's here on Business.

Teacher   Youfre from England. (introducing S.4)

S.3  What nationality are you?

S.4 I'm English.

S.3 Are you a tourist?

S.4 No, 'm not. I'm here on business.

1. Teacher  Sally's from Canada.

S.1 What nationality is Miss. Sally

S.2 She's Canadian.

s.1 Is she a tourist?

S.2 No, he isnft.   He's here on business.

2. Teacher Mr. Colette and I are from France.

s.1 What nationality are you?

S.2 We are French.

S.1 Are you a tourist?

S.2 No, We're not. We're here on business.

3. Teacher Your friends're from India.

s.1  What nationality are they?

S.2 They're an Indian.

S.1 Are they a tourist?

S.2 No, They're not. They're here on business.

4. Teacher Mr.Black and Tim are from Australia.

S.1 What nationality are they?

S.2 They're Australian.

S.1 Are they a tourist?

S.2 No, Theyfre not. They7re here on business.

5. Teacher Brtt's from Sweden.

S.1 What nationality is Miss Britt?

S.2 She's Swedish.

S.1 Is she a tourist?

S.2 No, she's not. She's here on business.

6 SHORT ANSWER TO QESTIONS

Teacher Are you busy?

S.1 Are you busy, Mr Smith?

S.2 Yes, I am.

Teacher Are these new books?

s.3 Are these new books, Miss Saito?

S.4 Yes, they are. No, they are not.

Teacher Are you an engineer?

S.5 Are you an engineer, Mr. Tanaka?

S.6 Yes, I am. No, I am not.

Continue

1. Is it a nice day today?

s.1 Yes, it is. No, it isnft.

2. Are you a good cook, Miss Yosida?

s.1 Yes, I am. No I am not.

3. Are you a good skier, Mr. Yamamoto?

s.1 Yes, I am. No I am not.

4. Is Miss Watanabe a good cook?

s.1 Yes, she is. No she is not.

5. Is Mr. Sugie a good skier?

s.1 Yes, he is. No, he is not.

6. Are these dictionaries ?

s.1 Yes, they are. No, They are not.

7. Is your name Hanako?

s.1 Yes, I am. No I am not.

8. Is Mr. Takai wearing a hat?

s.1 Yes, he is. No, he isn't.

9. Are the classroom walls black?

s.1 Yes, they are. No, They are not.

10. Are you wearing  black shoes?

s.1 Yes, I am. No, I am not.

11. Is Miss Kato wearing a yellow sweater/blouse?

s.1 Yes, she is. No, she is not.

12. Is the classroom dark?

s.1 Yes, It is. No, It is not.

13. Is sit cold today?

s.1 Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

14. Is it hot?

s.1 Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

15. Is it windy?

s.1 Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

16. Is it warm?

s.1 Yes, it is, No, it isn't.

17. Is it cool?

s.1 Yes, it is. No, it isn't.  

18. Is it sunny?

s.1 Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

19. Is it cloudy?

20. Is Mr. Yano handsome?

21. Is Miss....a quiet girl?

22. Is the class boring?

23. Is it interesting?

24. Are the students Intelligent?

25. Are you tired?

26. Are you wearing a green shirt?

27. Is Mr. Yamada wearing a gray suit?

28. Are your books yellow?

29. Are the students here shy?

30. Are they hardworking?

LESSON 5

This is primarily a review lesson based on the material of Lesson1-4.Irregular plural

noun forms are introduced and alternative patterns with the verb be as illustrated by

the transformation;

This class is interesting.

This is an interesting class.

are practiced, with emphasis on the use or nonuse of the indefinite article. In this, as in every fifth lesson, the Workbook practice allows for four review dictation quizzes.

ADJECTIVE+NOUN PATTERNS.SUBSTITUTION

He's a good student.

You're a good student.

Are you a good student?

Is she a hardworking student?

Is she a hardworking girl?

Is she a nice girl?

Are they nice girl?

They're nice girl.

Betty's a nice girl.

Betty isn't a quiet girl.

Betty Isn't a tall girl.

1. Betty isn't a shy girl.

2. They aren't shy girls.

They aren't careful girls.

They aren't careful tethers.

They aren't careful children.

They are quiet child.

He's a quiet child.

He's an intelligent child.

She's an intelligent child.

She's an intelligent woman.

Is she an intelligent woman?

Is she a married woman?

Are they married woman?

Are they married men?

Is he a handsome man?

Is he a generous man?

Hefs a generous man.

They're good housewives.

She's a good housewife.

She's a busy housewife.

She isn't a busy housewife.

 @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

CHAERT1 SHE'S A VERY GOOD TEACHER

S.1 Is Louise Cullen a good teacher ?

S.2 Yes,  She's a very good teacher,

2.  Teacher careful

S.3 Is Jon Bishop a careful doctor?

S.4 Yes, He's a very careful doctor.

3. Teacher clever

S.5 Is Joe Richards a clever engineer?

S.6 Yes. He's a very clever engineer.

Continue

4. busy  Is Hellen Jones a busy housewife?

    Yes. She's a very busy housewife.

5. skillful  Is Bob Smith a skilful photographer?

  Yes. He's a very skillful photographer.

6. well-known  Is George Brown a well-known professional golfer?

  Yes .He's a very well-known professional golfer.

7. kind Is Mary McBride a kind nurse?

   Yes. She's a very knife nurse.

8. honest Is Larry King an Honest reporter?

  Yes. He's a very Honest reporter.

9. fine Is Dave Jordan a fine mechanic?

  Yes. He's a very fine mechanic.

10. nice  Is Sally Clark a nice stewardess?

     Yes. She's a very nice stewardess.

11.  efficient Is Sussan Green an efficient secretary?

  @@Yes. She's a very efficient secretary.

12. successful Is Sam Walton a successful salesman?

     Yes. He's a very successful salesman.

3    CHART 1. QUESTIONS WITH NEGATIV ANSWERS

1.teacher  nurse

s.1    Is Louise Cullen a nurse?

S.2  No, she isnft a nurse. She's a teacher.

2. Teacher photographer

s.3 Is John Bishop a photographer?

S.4 No, he isn't a photographer. Hefs a doctor.

3. Teacher mechanic

S.5 Is Joe Richards a mechanic?

S6. No, he isn't a mechanic. He's an engineer.

4. actress  Is Helen Jones an actress?

  No, she isn't an actress. She's a housewife.

5. artist  Is Bob Smith an artist?

  No, he isn't an artist. He's a photographer.

6. businessman   Is George Brown a businessman?

  No, he isnft a businessman. He's a professional golfer.

7. housewife  Is Mary McBride a housewife?

  No, she isn't housewife.  She's a nurse.

8. doctor   Is Larry King a doctor?

  No, he isn't a doctor. He's a reporter.

9. salesman   Is Dave Jordan a salesman?

  No, he isn't a salesman. He's a mechanic.

10. teacher   Is Sally Clark a teacher?

  No, she isn't a teacher. Shefs a stewardess.

11. hairdresser    Is Susan Green a hairdresser?

   No, he isn't a hairdresser. She's a secretary.

12.  movie director   Is Sam Walton a movie director?

   No, he isn't a movie director. He's a salesman.

4 ENGLISH IS EASY. IT'S AN EASY LANGUAGE

Teacher  The students're good.

Students  The students're good.

S.1  Are the students good?

S.2 Yes. They're good students.

Teacher Japanese is hard.

Students Japanese is hard.

S.3 Is Japanese hard?

S.4 Yes. It's a hard language.

Teacher The class is interesting.

Students The class is interesting.

S.5 Is the class interesting?

S.6 Yes. It's an interesting class.

S1. The Lesson's long.            Is the Lesson long?

S2. Tokyo's expensive.            Is Tokyo expensive?

Yes. It's an expensive city.

3. The secretary's busy.           Is the secretary busy?

                               Yes. She's a busy secretary.

4. The classroom're small.         Are the classrooms small?

    Yes. They're small classrooms.

5. The bagsfre heavy.            Are the bags heavy?

                               yes. They're heavy bags.

6.  Miss Saito's generous.        Is Miss Saito generous?

    Yes. She's generous girl/lady.

7. Mr. Smish's intelligent.        Is Mr. Smish intelligent?

                              Yes. He's an intelligent boy/man.

8. Miss Saito's nice.             Is Miss Saito nice?

                              Yes. She's a nice girl/lady.

9> Mr Smith's quiet.            Is Mr.  Smith quiet?

                              Yes.  He's a quiet boy/man.

10. The room's dark.            Is the room dark?

   Yea. It's a dark room.

11.  The school's new.          Is the school new?

                             Yes. Itfs a new school.

12.   English is important.      Is English Yes. It's an important language.

13. My grandfather's old.        Is Your grandfather old?

                             Yes. He's an old man.

14.  The booksfre useful.       Are the books useful?

                             Yes. They're useful books.

15.  The students're hardworking.    Are the students hardworking?

                                 Yes. They're hardworking students.

5 WHAT COLOR IS IT?

Teacher Mr. Yada's shirt (one of the students)

S.1 What color is Mr Yamada's shirt?

S.2 It's  white.

Teacher  Miss Tanaka's bag

S.3  What color is Miss Tanaka's bag?

S.4  It's blue

Teacher  our books

S.5  What color are our books?

S.6 They're red

Continue with clothes, possessions and classroom objects.

6  CONTORARY ASJECTIVS. Q&A

Teacher this class- boring

S.1 Is this class boring?

S.2 No, it isn't boring.       It's interesting.

Teacher  Mr. Sato's old   (referring to one of the students)

S.3  Is Mr. Itida old?

S.4  No, he isn't old. He's young.

Teacher  Miss Magallet's a poor student

S.5  Is Miss Magallet a poor student?

S.6  No, she  isn't a poor student.  She's a good student.

1.   your bag - heavy       Is your bag heavy?

     No, it isn't heavy.      It's light.

2.  that - a cheap watch     Is that a cheap swatch?

    No, it isnft a cheap watch.  It's an expensive watch.

3.  those-old shoes  Are those old shoes?

No, they aren't old shoes. they're new shoes.

4. you-married   Are you married?

    No, I'm not marred.     I'm single.

5. this-a large classroom     Is this a large classroom?

   No, it isn't a large classroom.   It's a small classroom.

6.  Mr. Kondo - a short man      Is Mr. Kondo a sort man?

   No, he isn't a short man.       He's a tall man.

7. this- an easy lesson            Is this an easy lesson?

   No, it isn't an easy lesson.        It's a difficult lesson.

8. Mr. Kato - a lazy man         Is Mr. Kato a lazy man?

  No, he isn't a lazy man.          He's a hardworking man.

9. you- a good skier             Are you a good skier?

  No, I'm not a good skier.      I'm a poor skier.

10. this room-hot                Is this room hot?

                               No, it isn't hot. It's cold.

11. this lesson - short            Is this lesson short?

                               No, it isn't short. It's long.

12. these question- easy          Are these question easy?

   No, they aren't easy.          They're difficult.

7  QESTIONS ABOUT THE WEATHER

Teacher   hot

S.1   Is it hot today?

S.2   Yes, it is .No, it isn't.

Teacher   sunny

S.3 Is it sunny today?

S.4   Yes, it is.. No, it isn't.

1. Is it warm today?

Yes, it is. .  No. it isn't.

2. Is it cold today?

  Yes it is.  No, it isn't.

3. Is it fine today?

  Yes, it is. No it isn't.

4. Is it cloudy today?

  Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

5. Is it wet today?

   Yes it is. No, it isn't.

6. Is it windy today?

   Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

7. Is it cold today?

   Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

8. Is it humid today?

  Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

9. Is it freezing today?

  Yes, it is. No, it isn't.

LESSON 6

Forms of the auxiliary verb do are practiced with the verbs have, want and need. More contrary pairs of adjectives are introduced. Questions with what involving occupations

are practiced with Chart 1, and the lesson ends with questions eliciting short answers

using forms of do.

DIALOGE: "A GOOD STUDENT"

Ann   Does Ken study English?

Bob   Yes, he does.

Ann   Does he use a tape recorder?

Bob   Yes. He often uses a tape recorder.

Ann   Does he ever watch TV?

Bob   He sometimes watches the English programs.

Ann   Does he ever miss class?

Bob   No. He hardly ever misses class.

Ann   He's a good student, isnft he?

Bob   You're right. He certainly is.

1  HAVE, WANT,NEED REPETITION

(a) Affirmative statements

1.  I have a calendar.

2.  He has an umbrella.

3.  She has a sewing matching.

4.  We have a telephone.

(b)  Negative statements

1.  I don't want an orange.

2.  He doesn't want a camera.

3.  She doesn't want a new bag.

4.  They don't want a TV set.

(c) Questions 1. Do you need an eraser?

2.  Does she need a suitcase?

3.  Does he need a new coat?

4.  Do they need an ashtray?

2 HAVE,WANT,NEED. SUSTITUTION

I have a calendar.

He has a calendar.

He has an umbrella.

He doesn't need an umbrella.

1. telephone  He doesn't need a telephone.

2. they   They don't need a telephone.

3. We    We don't need a telephone.

4. she    She doesn't need a telephone.

5. (affirmative)   She needs a telephone.

6. sewing machine   She needs a sewing matching.

7. I need a sewing matching.

8. want   I want a sewing matching.

9. she   She wants a sewing matching.

10. TV set    She wants a TV set.

12. (question)   Do they want a TV set?

13. you   Do you want a TV set?

14. have Do you have a TV set?

15.  he    Does he have a TV set?

16. calendar  Does he have a calendar?

17. we   Do we have a calendar?

18.(statement)   We have a calendar.

19. she  She have a calendar.

20.(negative)   She doesn't have a calendar/

21. I   I don't have a calendar.

22. ashtray  I don't have an ashtray.

24. he  He has an ashtray.

25. (question) Does he have an ashtray?

26. suitcase   Does he have a suitcase?

27. she Does she have a suitcase?

28. need  Does she need a suitcase?

29.(statement)   She needs a new bag.

30. new bag    She needs a new bag.

31. eraser  She needs an eraser.

32. (negative)  She doesn't need an eraser.

33. I  I don't need a telephone.

34. telephone   I don't need a telephone.

35. have I don't have a telephone.

3 CONTRARY ADJECTIVES.Q&A

Teacher a soft chair-have

S.1  Do you have a soft chair?

S.2  No, I have a hard chair.

Teacher the wrong answer-have

S.3  Do you have the wrong answer?

S.4  No, I have the right answer.

1. loud music  - like      Do you like loud music?

  No, I like soft music.

2. a thick book - have    Do you have a thick book?

                        No, I have a thin book.

3. a dirty cup - want     Do you want a dirty cup?

                        No, I want a clean cup.

4. dishonest people - like  Do you like dishonest people?

                        No, I like honest people.

5. an early class - have   Do you have an early class?

                        No, I have a late class.

6. a slow car - have      Do you have a slow car?

                        No, I have a fast scar.

7. a noisy room - have    Do you have a noisy room?

                        No, I have a quiet room.

8, mean people - like     Do you like mean people?

                        No, I like kind people.

9. strong coffee - want    Do you want strong coffee?

                         No, I want weak coffee.

10. thin people -like      Do you like thin people?

                        No, I like fat people.

4  CHART 1. WHAT DOES HE DO?

(a) Repetition

1. Louise Cullen's a teacher.    She teaches English.

2. Johon Bishop's a doctor.     He examines patients.

3. Joe Richards is an engineer.  He designs machines.

4. Helen Joes is a housewife.   She looks after her family.

5. Bob Smitm's a photographer. He takes photographs.

6. George Brown's a professional golfer.   He plays in tournaments.

7. Mary McBride's a nurse.     She takes care of sick people.

8. Larry King's a reporter.      He writes articles.

9. Dave Jordan's a mechanic.    He repairs cars.

10. Sally Clark's a stewardess.   She serves passengers.

11. Susan Green's a secretary.   She types letters.

12. Sam Walton's a salesman.   He sells air conditioners.

(b) Questions and Answers

Teacher   Picture 1.

S.1   What does Louise Cullen do?

S.2   She's a teacher. She teaches English.

Teacher Picture 2.

S.3 What does John Bishop do?

S.4  He's a doctor.   He examines patients.

3. What does Joe Richards do?

   He's an engineer.  He designs machines.

4. What does Helen Joes do? 

   She's a housewife. She looks after her family.

5. What does Bob Smith do?

   He's a photographer.  He takes photographs.

6. What does George Brown do?

   He's a professional golfer.      He plays in tournaments.

7. What does Mary McBride do?  She's a nurse. She takes care of sick people.

8. What does Larry King do?     He's a reporter. He writes articles.

9. What does Dave Jordan do?    He's a mechanic. He repairs cars.

10. What does Sally Clak do?    She's a stewardess. She serves passengers.

11. What does Susan Green do?   She's a secretary. She types letters.

12. What does Sam Walton do?   He's a salesman He sells air conditioners.

5 CHART 1. WHAT SORT OF THINGS DO THEY DO?

Teacher Picture 1

S.1 What sort of things do teachers do?

S.2 They normally teach.

Teacher Picture 2

S.3 What sort of things do doctors do?

S.4 They normally examine patients.

3. What sort of things do engineers do?        They normally design machines.

4. What sort of things do housewives do?      They normally look after their families.

5. What sort of things do photographers do?    They normally take photographs.

6. What sort of things do professional golfers do? They normally play in tournaments.

7. What sort of things do nurses do?          They normally take care of sick people.

8. What sort of things do reporters do?        They normally write articles.

What sort of things do mechanics do?         They normally repair cars.

10. What sort of things do stewardesses do?    They normally serve passengers.

11. What sort of things do secretaries do?      They normally type letters.

12. What sort of things do salesmen do?       They normally sell things.

8 SHORT ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

Teacher Do you ski?

S.1 Yes, I do./No, I don't.

Teacher Does Miss...ski?

S.2 Yes, she does,/No, she doesn't.

1. Do they play the piano?           Yes, they do./No. they don't.

2. Does Miss Ito play piano?         Yes she does./No, she doesn't.

3. Do we have a day off tomorrow?   Yes, we do./No, we don't.

4. Do office workers have a day off tomorrow?

                                   Yes, they do./No, they don't.

5. Does your school have a day off tomorrow?

                                   Yes, we do./No, we don't.

6. Do you know my name?           Yes, I do./No, I donft.

7. Do I come from Australia?         Yes, you do./No, You don't.

8. Do I speak English? Yes,          You do. /No. you don't.

9. Do people in Australia speaks English? Yes, they do./No, they don't.

10. Do you know this young lady?     Yes, I do./No, I don't.

11. Do you know where she comes from?  Yes, I do./No,I don't.

12. Does Mr.Yamada know you?       Yes, he does./No, he doesn't.

13. Does he know you telephone number?   Yes, he does./No, he doesn't.

14. Do you come from Hokkaido?      Yes, I do./No, I donft.

15. Do they speak Japanese in Hokkaido?   Yes, they do./No, they don't.

16.Do you sell cars?                  Yes, I do./No, I don't.

17. Does Mr.Yamamoto sell cars?       Yes, he does./No, he doesn't.

18. Do car salesmen sell cars?          Yes, they do./No, they don't.

19. Do you have a watch?             Yes, I do./No, I don't.

20. Do I have a watch?               Yes, you do./No, you don't.

21. Does Miss Asukabe have a watch?  Yes, she does./No, she doesn't.

22. Does she know the time?          Yes, she does. No, she doesn't.

23. Do Miss Hanada and I have a watch?   Yes, they do. No, they don't.

24. Do we know the time?            Yes, you do./No, you don't.

25. Do you think it's time to go home?  Yes, I do. /No, I don't.

26. Do you drive?                    Yes, I do./No, I don't.

27. Do you smoke?                   Yes, I do./No, I don't.

28. Do children normally smoke?       Yes, they do./No, then don't.

29. Do they drive?                   Yes, they do./No, they don't.

30. Do American children speak English? Yes, they do./No, they don't.

31. Do you work in an office?        Yes, I do./No, I don't.

32. Do I work in an office?           Yes, you do./No, you don't.

33. Does Mr. Sakata work in an office?   Yes, he does./No, he doesn't.

34. Do office workers work in office?    Yes, they do./No, they don't.

35. Do you need a car?                Yes, I do./No, I don't.

LESSON 7

This lesson introduces frequency adverbs ever, always, usually, never,

etc. in both be and do patterns. As vocabulary, a number of common verb phrases and new adjectives are introduces. The lesson ends with a series of questions with ever to

be answered freely using appropriate

frequency adverbs.                                                            

1998.06.05

1 QESTONS WITH EVER.

(a) BE  phrases. Substitution

Are you ever tired?

Are you ever sleepy?

Are you ever  wrong?

1. hungry          Are you ever hungry?

2. thirsty          Are you ever thirsty?

3. angry           Are you ever angry?

4. sorry           Are you ever sorry?

5. he             Is he ever sorry?

6. bored          Is he ever bored?

7. nervous        Is he ever nervous?

8. interested       Is he ever interested?

9. satisfied        Is he ever satisfied?

10. careless       Is he ever careless?

11. they          Are they ever careless?

12. carefree       Are they ever carefree?

13. dishonest      Are they ever dishonest?

14. depressed      Are they ever depressed?

15. lazy          Are you ever lazy?

16. free          Are you ever free?

17. sick          Are you ever sick?

18. shy           Is shy ever sick?

19. worried       Is shy ever worried?

20. lonely        Is shy ever lonely?

21. you          Are you ever lonely?

(b) DO phrases. Substitution

Do you ever study English?

Do you ever speak English?

Do you ever watch TV?

Continue

1. she                     Does she  ever

2. listen to the radio        Does she ever listen to the radio?

3. read the newspapers      Does she ever read the newspaper?

4. write letters             Does she ever write letters?

5. use a typewriter         Does she ever use typewrite?

6. they                   Do they ever

7. miss class              Do they ever miss class?

8. play games             Do they ever play games?

9. eat fish                Do they ever eat fish?

10. he                    Does he ever

11. drink milk             Does he ever drink milk?

12. sing in the bath        Does he ever sing in the bath?

13. you                   Do you

1. take a walk             Do you ever take a walk?

15. take a trip             Do you ever take a trip?

16. go to the movies        Do you ever go to the movies?

17. they                   Do they ever

18. go for a drive          Do they ever go for a drive?

19. do their homework      Do they ever their homework?

20. you                   Do you ever

(c) BE and DO phrases. Q&A

Teacher Ken sometime watches TV.

S.1 Does Ken ever watch TV?

S.2 Yes. He sometimes watches TV.

Teacher He hardly ever misses class.

S.3 Does he ever miss class?

S.4 No. He hardly ever misses class.

Continue

1. Ann never drinks milk.     Does Ann ever drink milk?

                           No. She never drinks milk.

2. I'm some times worried.    Are you ever worried?

                           Yes. I'm sometimes worried.

3. Bob often plays golf.      Does Bob ever play golf?

                           Yes. He often plays golf.

4. We always do our homework.  Do you ever do your homework?

                               Yes. W always do your homework.

5. My mother's never angry.   Is your mother ever angry?

                            No. She's never angry.

1998.07.06

6. My sister usually sings in the bath.    Does your sister ever sing in the bath?

                                     Yes. She usually sings in the bath.

7. I never eat fish.                     Do you ever eat fish?

                                     No. I never eat fish?

8. I'm hardly ever wrong.               Are you ever wrong?

                                     No. Ifm hardly ever wrong.

9. That man's often lazy.               Is that man ever lazy?

                                     Yes. He's often lazy.

10. That girl always speaks English.     Does that girl ever speak English?

                                     Yes. She always speaks English.

2 FREQENCY ADVERBS. SUBSTITUTION

I always do my homework.

I usually do my homework.

I'm usually careful.

1998/07/09

 He's usually careful.

He never drinks milk.

They never drink milk.

Continue

1. hardly ever    They hardly ever drink milk.

2. depressed      They're hardly ever depressed.

3. she           She's hardly ever depressed.

4. I             I'm hardly ever depressed.

5. sometimes     I'm sometimes depressed.

6. bored         I'm sometimes depressed.

7. we           We're sometimes bored.

8. write letters   We sometimes write letters.

9. often         We often write letters.

10. he           He often writes letters.

11. go for a drive   He often goes for a drive.

12. they         They often go for a drive.

13. hardly ever   They hardly ever go for drive.

14. free          They're hardly ever free.

15. she           She's hardly ever free.

16. take a trip     She hardly ever takes a trip.

17. we           We hardly ever take a trip.

18. always        We always take a trip.

19. carefree       We're always carefree.

20. he            He's always carefree.

21. usually        He's usually carefree.

22. satisfied       He's usually satisfied.

23. they          They're usually satisfied.

24. never         They're never satisfied.

25. read the newspapers   They never read the newspapers.

26. I             I never read the newspapers.

27. she           She never reads the newspapers.

28. sometimes     She sometimes read the newspapers.

29. they          They sometimes read the newspapers.

30. go to the movies  They sometimes go to the movies.

31. hardly ever      They hardly ever go to movies.

32. interested        They're hardly ever interested.

33. you             You're hardly ever interested.

34. miss class       You hardly ever miss class.

35. he              He's hardly ever miss class.

36. sorry            He's hardly ever sorry.

37. they             They're hardly ever sorry.

38. shy              They're hardly ever shy.

39. I                I'm hardly ever shy.

40.she               She's hardly ever shy.

1998/07/12

3 CHART 1. DOES HE EVER ....?  YES,HE OFTEN DOES

1. S.1 Does Miss Cullen ever teach English?

   S.2 Yes, she often does.

2. S.3 Does Dr, Bishop ever examine patient?

   S.4 Yes, he often does.

3. S.5 Does Mr. Richards ever design machines?

   S.6 Yes, he often does.

Continue

4. Does Mrs. Jones ever look after her family?   Yes, she often does.

5. Does Mr. Smith ever take photographs?       Yes, he often does.

6. Does Mr. brown ever play in tournaments?    Yes, he often does.

7. Does Miss McBride ever take care of sick people?  Yes. she often does.

8. Does Mr.King ever write article?             Yes, he often does.

9. Does Mr.Jordan ever repair cars?             Yes, he often does.

10. Does Miss Clark ever serve passengers?      Yes, she often does.

11. Does Miss. Green ever type letters?          Yes, she often does.

12. Does Mr.Walton ever sell air conditioner?    Yes, he often does.

4 CONTRARY ADJECTIVES. Q&A

Teacher     busy

S.1 Are those peop1e always busy?

S.2 No. They're sometimes free.

Teacher    happy

S.2 Are those people always happy?

S.4 No. They're sometime depressed.

Continue

1. careful       Are those people always careful?

               No. They're sometimes caress.

2. right         Are those people always right?

               No. They're sometimes wrong.

3. healthy       Are those people always healthy?

               No. They're sometime sick.

4. intelligent    Are those people always intelligent?

               No. They're sometimes stupid.

5. interested    Are those people always interested?

               No. They're sometimes bored.

6. interesting    Are those people always interesting?

               No. They're sometimes boring.

7. generous     Are those people always generous?

               No. They're sometimes selfish.

8. hardworking  Are those people always hardworking?

               No. They're sometimes lazy.

9. carefree      Are those people always carefree?

               No. they're sometimes worried.

10.  honest     Are those people always honest?

               No. They're sometimes dishonest.

5 FREE ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS WITH EVER

Answer the questions as in the examples with always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, or never; whichever is most appropriate.

Teacher eat rice

S.1 Do you ever eat rice?

S2. Yes, I always eat rice.

Teacher  satisfied

S.3  Are you ever satisfied?

S.4  Yes, I usually satisfied.

Teacher   take a walk

S.5  Do you ever take a walk?

S.6  Yes, I often take a walk.

Teacher sleepy

S.7  Are you ever sleepy?

S.8  Yes, I sometimes sleepy.

Teacher miss class

S.9  Do you ever miss class?

S.10  No. I hardly ever miss class.

Teacher bored

S,11  Are you ever bored?

S.12  No. I'm never bored.

Continue

1. Do you ever speak Japanese?    Yes, I always speak Japanese.

2. Are you ever worried?          No. I'm never worried.

3. Do you ever listen to the radio?  Yes. I often listen to the radio.

4. Are you ever lonely?           No. I'm hardly ever lonely.

5. Do you ever use a typewriter?   Yes. I sometimes use a typewriter.

6. Are you ever depressed?        Yes. I'm usually depressed.

7. Are you ever nervous?          No. I'm hardly ever nervous.

8. Do you ever do your homework?  Yes. I often do my homework.

9. Are you ever sick?             Yes ,I'm usually sick.

10. Do you ever go for a drive?    Yes. I often go for drive.

11.Are you ever interested?         No. I'm hardly ever interested.

12. Do you ever drink milk?       Yes. I often drink milk.

13. Are you ever careless?         No. I'm never careless.

14. Do you ever take a trip?       Yes. I often take a trip.

15. Are you ever angry?           No. I'm never angry.

16. Do you ever play tennis?       Yes. I often play tennis.

17. Are you ever free?            Yes. Ifm always free.

18. Do you ever read the newspaper?  Yes. I usually resd the newspapers.

19. Are you ever lazy?            No. I'm never lazy.

20. Do you ever sing in the bath?  Yes. I often sing in the bath.

21. Do you ever watch TV?        Yes. I often watch TV.

22. Do you ever speak English?     Yes. I often speak English.

23. Are you ever wrong?          No. I'm never wrong.

24. Do you ever write letters?      No. I never write letters.

25. Are you ever dishonest?        No. I'm never dishonest.

LESSON 8

This lesson begins with practice on the demonstrative pronounces this, that, those and on

personal pronouns in object position. Chart 2, which illustrates various objects and the

containers in which they can be kept, is then introduced. Finally, the Present Progressive

Tense is practiced.

DIALOGUE: "MAJORING IN ECONOMICS"

Ann   Is Ken majoring in English?

Bob   No. He's majoring in economics.

Ann   Really? Does he like economics?

Bob   Yes. He says it's very interesting.

Ann   This is his bookcase, I suppose.

Bob   That's right.

Ann   I don't see any economics books in it.

Bob   That's because he keeps them at school.

Ann   Oh, I see.

1 THIS,THAT,THESE,THOSE

Teacher shirt-this

Students This is a shirt.     These're shirts.

Teacher   (question)

Students Is this a shirt?     Are these shirts?

Teacher (negative)

Students This isn't a shirt.   These aren't shirts.

Teacher  eraser-that

Students That's an eraser.    Those're erasers.

Teacher  (question)

Students  Is that an eraser?  Are those erasers?

Teacher  (negative)

Students  That isn't an eraser. Those aren't erasers.

Continue

1. bed-this  This is a bed.   These're beds.

(question)  Is this a bed?    Are these beds?

(negative)  This isn't a bed.  These aren't beds.

2. ring-that That's a ring.    Those're rings.

(question) Is that a ring?     Are those rings?

(negative) That isn't a ring.   Those aren't ring.

3. ashtray-this This is an ashtray.  These're ashtray.

(question) Is this an ashtray?      Are these ashtrays?

(negative)  This isn't an ashtray.   These aren't ashtrays.

4.ticket-that That's a ticket.        Those're tickets.

(qustion) Is that a ticket?         Are those tickets?

(negative) That isn't a tickets.     Those aren't tickets.

5. envelope-this This is an envelope. These're envelopes.

(question) Is this an envelope?     Are these envelopes?

(negative) This isn't an envelope.   These aren't envelope.

6. machine-that That's a machine.   Those're machines.

(question) Is that a machine?       Are those machines?

(negative) That isn't a machine.     Those aren't machines.

2 PERSONAL PRONOUN FORMS

(a) Repetition

1. I have my books with me.

2. Do you have your sister with you?

3. He doesn't have his pen with him.

4. She doesn't have her children with her.

5.@We have our umbrellas with them?

6. Do they have their raincoats with them?

7. John and I have our friends with us.

8. Do you and Mary have your tickets with you?

9. Do your friends have their suitcases with them?

(b) Substitution

I have my books with me.

Mary has her books with her.

Does he have his books with him?

He has his books with him.

He doesn't have his books with him.

Continue

1. We                 We don't have our books with us.

2. they                They don't have their books with them.

3. Carol               Carol doesn't have her books with her.

4.(affirmative)          Carol has her books with her.

5.Bob and I            Bob and I have our books with us.

6. the girls            The girls have their books with them.

7.(question)            Do the girls have their books with them?

8. you                Do you have your books with you?

9. Mr.Cole            Does Mr.Cole have his books with him?

10.(statement)          Mr.Cole has his books with him.

11.(negative)           Mr.Cole doesn't have his books with him.

12. I                  I don't have my books with me.

13. the children        The children don't have their books with them.

14. she               She doesn't have her books with her.

15. Bob and Mary     Bob and Mary have their books with them.

16. (affirmative)       Bob and Mary have their books with them.

17. we               We have our books with us.

(c) Questions and answers

Teacher  Do you know that man?

S.1 Yes. I know him.

Teacher Do you see those women?

S.2 Yes. I see them.

Teacher Do you like that girl?

S.3 Yes. I like her.

Continue

1. Do you need that book?            Yes. I need that.

2. Do you see those men?             Yes. I see them.

3. Do you know that woman?          Yes. I know them.

4. Do you understand these words?      Yes. I understand them.

5. Are you using these pencils?         Yes. I am using them.

6. Are you using this ashtray?          Yes. I am using this.

7. Are you enjoying this class?         Yes. I'm enjoying this.

8. Do you know tat girl?              Yes. I know her.

9. Do you understand me?             Yes. I understand you.

10. Do you know Mr....and me?        Yes. I know him and you.

11. Do you know my name?           Yes. I know your name.

12. Do you know his name?           Yes. I know his name.

13. Do you know her name?           Yes. I know her name.

14. Do you know their names?         Yes. I know their names.

15. Do you hear me?                  Yes. I hear you.

16. Do you see me?                   Yes. I see you.

 1998/07/20

3 INTRODUCTION TO CHART 2. OBJECT CHART

(a) Repetition

1. This is a because.       These're books.

2. This is a cupboard.      These're dishes.

3. This is a closet.         These're clothes.

4. This is a drawer.        These're shirts.

5. This is a refrigerator.    These're vegetables.

6. This is a locker.        These're work clothes.

7. This is a cabinet.       These're records.

8. This is a toolbox.      These're tools.

This a  safe.             These're valuable.

(b) Questions and answers

1. S.1  What's that thing in Picture 1?

S.2 It's a bookcase.

S.3 What're those things in Picture 1?

S.4 They7re books.

2. S5 What's that thing in Picture 2?

S.6 It's a cupboard.

S.7 What're those things in Picture 2?

S.8 They're dishes.

Continue as above with the remaining pictures.

4 CHART2.  HE KEEPS HIS BOOKS IN THAT BOOKCASE

Teacher    picture 1

S.1  He keeps his books I that bookcase.

Teacher   Picture 2

S.2 She keeps her dishes in that cupboard.

Continue

3. They keep their clothes in that closet.

4. He keeps his shirts in that drawer.

5. She keeps her vegetables in that refrigerator.

6. He keeps his work clothes in that locker.

7. They keep their records in that cabinet.

8. He keeps his tools in that toolbox.

9. They keep their valuables in that safe.

5  CHART 1.  WHAT'S HE DOING?

Teacher   Picture 1

S.1  What's Miss Cullen doing?

S.2  She's teaching English.

Teacher  Picture 2

S.3  What's Dr. Bishop doing?

S.4  He's examining a patient.

Teacher  Picture 3

S.5  What's Mr. Richards doing?

S.6  He's designing a machine.

Continue

4. What's Mrs. Jones doing?    She's looking after her family.

5. What's Mr.Shmith doing?    He's taking photographs.

6. What's Mr.Brown doing?    He's playing in a tournament.

7. What's Miss Mcbride doing?  She's taking care of a sick person.

8. What's Mr.King doing?     He's writing an article.

9. What's Mr.Jordan doing?    He's repairing a car.

10. What's Miss Clark doing?  She's serving a passenger.

11. What's Miss Green doing?  She's typing a letter.

12. What's Mr.Walton doing?   He's selling an air conditioner.

6 SHORT ANSWERS TO QESTIONS

          TEACHER                      STUDENTS

Are you sleeping?              No, we aren't.

Are we singing?                No, we aren't,

Are we leaning English?        Yes, we are.

Am I speaking Japanese?        No, you aren't.

Is Miss  Smith smoking?        No, she isn't.

Continue

1. Am I writing on the blackboard?       No. you aren't.

2. Are you reading a letter?             Yes, We are.

3. Is Mr. Yamada using a dictionary?     Yes, he is.

4. Is Miss Kondo drinking tea?          No, she isn't.

5. Are we having lunch?                No, we aren't.

6. Are you sitting on the table?         Yes, we are.

7. Are the girls sitting on the floor?     Yes, they are.

8. Am I dancing?                     Yes. you are.

9. Are we listening to music?           No, you aren't.

10. Is Mrs. Green cooking dinner?       No. she isn't.

11. Are Mr.Sato and Mr.Adams playing golf?  No, they aren't.

12.  Are you using a vacuum cleaner?      Yes, we are.

13. Am I using a vacuum cleaner?         Yes, You are.

14. Is Miss Saito looking at the ceiling?    Yes, she is.

15. Is she looking at a newspaper?        Yes, she is.

16. Are we looking at newspaper?         No. they aren't.

17. Is mr. Honda looking at Miss Elizabes?  No, he isn't.

18. Is he smiling?                       Yes, he is.

19. Am I laughing?                      Yes, you are.

20. Are you answering questions?          Yes. they are.

21. Am I asking questions?                No, you aren't.

22. Are we practicing Italian?             No, they aren't.

23. Are we practicing English?            No, they aren't.

24. Is Miss Yamamoto telling a story?     Yes, she is.

25. Is Mr. Takeda sleeping?              Yes, he is.

26. Is he standing up?                   Yes, he is.

27. Is he sitting down?                  No, he isn't.

28. Is Miss Yamano majoring in economics?  No, she isn't.

29. Is she speaking English?              No, she isn't.

30. Are you getting tired?                No, we aren't.

7 ANSWERS TO OR QUESTIONS

Teacher  Are you answering questions or telling a story?

S.1  I'm answering questions.

Teacher    Are the people in this class studying English or playing card?

S.2 They're studying English.

Teacher  Is Miss Muto talking or listening?

S.3  She's listening.

Continue

1. Are you working or going to school?

   I'm going to school.

2. Are you going to school or staying at home?

   I'm staying at home.

3. Are we holding a meeting or having a class?

   We are holding a meeting.

4. Are the students here learning English or teaching Japanese?

   They're learning English.

5. Is Mr. sakaki sleeping or listening?

   He's listening.

6. Are you reading a newspaper or answering questions?

   We're reading a newspaper.

7. Is Miss go to having supper or having a class?

   She's having supper.

8. Am I teaching a class or selling books?

   You're selling books.

9. Are you driving these days or taking the train?

   We're taking the train.

10. Are you getting up early  these days or sleeping late.

    We're getting up early these days.

LESSON 9

The  use of some and any and of the Pronoun one corresponding to a noun with the

indefinite article are the new grammatical features of this lesson. Subjects of academic

study and more pairs of contrary adjectives are introduced.

1998/07/25

 1 SUBJECTS OF STUDY

(a) Substitution drill

  He's majoring in history.

  He's majoring in physics.

continue

1. English literature      He's majoring in English literature.

2. biology               He's majoring in biology.

3. chemistry             He's majoring in chemistry.

4. sociology             He's majoring in sociology.

5. psychology            He's majoring in psychology.

6. art                   He's majoring in art.

7. education             He's majoring in education.

8. Spanish               He's majoring in Spanish.

9. chemical engineering   He's majoring in chemical engineering.

10. architecture          He's majoring in architecture.

11. philosophy           He's majoring in philosophy.

12. electronics           He's majoring in electronics.

13. civil engineering      He's majoring in civil engineering.

15. commerce           He's majoring in commerce.

16. business administration  He's majoring in business administration.

17. accounting           He's majoring in accounting.

18. political science      He's majoring in political science.

19. journalism           He's majoring in journalism.

20. linguistics           He's majoring in linguistics.

21. the classics          He's majoring in the classics.

22. music               He's majoring in music.

(b) Conversation practice

S.1  What are you majoring in?

S.2 I'm majoring in philosophy.

S.1 Really? Do you like music?

S2. Yes, It's very interesting.

    or: No, It isn't very interesting.

2 CHART 2. WHERE DO YOU KEEP THEM?

1. S.1 Where do you keep your books?

   S.2 I keep them in that bookcase.

2. S.3 Where do you keep your dishes?

   S.4 I keep them in that cupboard.

3. S.5 Where do you keep your clothes?

   S.6 I keep them in that closet.

Continue

4. Where do you keep your shirts?

   I keep them in that drawer.

5. Where do you keep your vegetables?

   I keep them in that refrigerator.

&. Where do you keep your clothes?

   I keep them in that locker.

7. Where do you keep your records?

   I keep them in that cabinet.

8. Where do you keep your tools?

   I keep them in that toolbox.

9. Where do you keep your valuables?

   I keep them in that safe.

3. CONTRARY ADJENTIVES. Q&A

Teacher the Ginza - a narrow street

S.1 Is the Ginza a narrow street?

S.2 No, It's a wide street.

Teacher  that motorcycle safe?

S.3 Is that motorcycle safe?

S.4 No, It's dangerous.

Continue

1. Japan - a poor country     Is Japan a poor country?

                            No, It's a rich country.

2. Mt. Fuji - a low mountain  Is Mt. Fuji a low mountain?

                            No, It's a high mountain.

3. your father - fat           Is your father fat?

                            No, He's thin.

4. your shoes - wet          Are your shoes wet?

                            No, They're dry.

5. the window - open         Is the window open?

                            No, It's closed.

6. Switzerland - a flat country  Is Switzerland a flat country?

                            No, It's a mountainous country.

7. you - depressed            Are you depressed?

                            No, I'm happy.

8. those students – carefree    Are those students carefree?

                            No, they're worried.

9. he - a mean man          Is he a mean man?

                            No, He's a kind man.

10. she - a single woman     Is she a single woman?

                            No, She's a married woman.

11. he - a boring person      Is he a boring person?

                            No, He's an interesting person.

12. your glass - full          Is your glass full?

                            No, It's empty.

13. that - a cheerful song     Is that a cheerful song? 

                           No, Itfs a sad song.

14. he - a dishonest salesman  Is he a dishonest salesman?

                               No, He's an honest salesman.

15. that - a noisy air conditioner  Is that a noisy air conditioner?

                               No, It's a quiet air conditioner.

4 CHART 2. SOME AND ANY

(a) SOME in affirmative sentences

1. S.1 I have some books in the bookcase.

2. S.2 I have some dishes in the cupboard.

3. S.3 I have some clothes in the closet.

Continue with the remaining items of the chart.

(b) ANY in negative sentences

1. S.1 I don't keep your books in that bookcase.

2. S.2 I don't keep any dishes in that cupboard.

3. S.3 I don't keep any clothes in that closet.

Continue with the remaining items of chart.

5 CHART 2. SOME AND ANY IN CONNECTED SENTENCES

(a) ANY

1. S.1 I have a bookcase, but I don't have any books.

2. S.2 I have a cupboard, but I don't have any dishes.

3. S.3 I have a closet, but don't have any clothes.

Continue with the remaining items of the chart.

6. SOME OR ANY IN ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

Teacher  Do you want any peanuts?

S.1 Yes, I want some.

S.2 I don't want any.

Teacher Are you learning any new words?

S.3 Yes, I'm learning some.

S.4 I'm not learning any.

Continue

1. Do you have any friend?

   Yes, I want some.

   I don't want any.

2. Do you know any stories?

   Yes, I know some.

   I don't know any.

3. Are you making any mistakes?

   Yes, I'm making some.

   I'm not making any.

4. Do you see any pictures in the room?

   Yes, I see some.

   I don't see any.

5. Do you have any books?

   Yes, I have some.

   I don't have any.

6. Are you writing any words?

   Yes, I'm writing some.

   I'm not writing any.

7. Do you keep any valuables at home?

   Yes, I keep some.

   I don't keep any.

8. Do you need any new clothes?

   Yes, I need some.

   I don't need any.

9. Are you missing any classes?

   Yes, I'm missing some.

   I'm not missing any.

10. Do you have any cigarettes?

    Yes, I have some.

    I don't have any.

11. Do you use any tools?

    Yes, I use some.

    I don't use any.

12. Do you see any children here?

    Yes, I see some.

    I don't see any.

13. Do you know any nice restaurants?

    Yes, I know some.

    I don't know any.

14. Do you need any stamps?

    Yes, I need some.

    I don't need any.

15. Do you have any questions?

    Yes, I have some.

    I don't have any.

7.IT,THEM OR ONE IN ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

Teacher Do you want this book?

S.1 Yes, I want it./ No, I don't want it.

Teacher Do you know these people?

S.2 Yes, I know them./No, I don't know them.

Teacher Do you need a coat?

S.3 Yes, I need one./No, I don't need one.

Continue

1. Do you have an umbrella?

   Yes, I have it./No, I don't have it.

2. Do you understand these sentences?

   Yes, I understand it./No, I don't understand it.

3. Are you using a pen?

   Yes, I'm using it./No, I'm not using it. 

4. Do you do your homework?

   Yes, I do it./No, I don't do it.

5. Do you know these students?

   Yes, I know them./No, I don't them.

6. Do you need a car?

   Yes, I need it./No, I don't need it.

7. Do you like this class?

   Yes, I like  it./No. I don't like it.

8. Are you enjoying the lesson?

   Yes, I'm enjoying it./No, I'm not enjoying it.

9. Do you see the blackboard?

   Yes, I see it./ No. I don't see it.

10. Do you have a dog?

    Yes, I have it./No. i don't have it.

11. Do you see the pictures?

    Yes, I see it./No. I don't see it.

12. Do you have a telephone at home?

    Yes, I have it./No. I don't have it.

13. Do you have a stereo set?

    Yes, I have it./No, I don't have it.

14. Are you wearing a ring?

    Yes, I'm wearing It./No, I'm not wearing it.

15, Do you want a rest?

    Yes, I want it./No I don't want it.

16. Are you answering a question?

    Yes, I'm answering it./No. I'm not answering it.

LESSON 10

This lesson reviews the structures and vocabulary introduced in Lessons 6 to 9.

 ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY. SUBSTITUTION

I always read the newspapers.

He always reads the newspapers.

He doesn't always read the newspapers.

He doesn't always answer the questions.

He always answers the questions.

Does he always answer the questions?

Does he often answer the questions?

Does he often take a vacation?

He often takes a vacation.

Continue

1. we                 We often take a vacation.

2. go to the movies    We often go to the movies.

3.(negtive)            We don't often go to the movies.

4. she                She don't often go to the movies.

5. make mistakes      She doesn't often make mistakes.

6.(affirmative)         She often makes mistakes.

7. usually            She usually makes mistakes.

8. sleep late          She usually sleeps late.

9.(question)           Does she usually sleep late?

10.you               Do you ever sleep late?

11. ever              Do you ever sleep late?

12.write letters        Do you ever write letters?

13. your father        Does your father ever write letters?

14. sometimes         Does your father sometimes write letters?

15. get tired          Does your father sometimes get tired?

16. the students       Do the students sometimes get tired?

17.(statement)        The students sometimes get tired.

18. speak English     The students sometimes speak English.

19.always            The students always speak English.

20. the teacher       The teacher always speaks English.

21. usually           The teacher usually speaks English.

22.get up early       The teacher usually get up early.

23. we               We usually get up early.

24.(negative)          We don't usually get up early.

25. often             We don't often get up early.

26. sleep in class     She don't often sleep in class.

27.she               She doesn't often sleep in class.

28. wear a ring       She doesn't often wear a ring.

29. usually           She doesn't usually wear a ring.

30. I                I don't usually wear a ring.

2 CONTRARY ADJECTIVES. Q&A

Teacher take a short walk

S.1 Are you taking a short walk?

S.2 No, I'm taking a long walk.

Teacher  have a good time

S.3 Are you having a good time?

S.4 No, I'm having a bad time.

Teacher drive anew car

S.5 Are you driving a new car?

S.6 No, I'm driving an old car.

Continue

1. sit on a hard chair      Are you siting on a hard chair?

                            No, I'm siting on a soft chair.

2. listen to loud music     Are you listening to loud music?

                            No, I'm listening to soft music.

3. study the wrong lessen   Are you studying the wrong lesson?

                            No, I'm studying the right lesson.

4.red a thick book          Are you reading a thick book?

                            No, I'm reading a thin book.

5. take the fast train      Are you taking the fast train?

                            No, I'm taking the slow train.

6. take the early train     Are you taking the early train?

                            No, I'm taking the late train.

7. use a dirty cup        Are you using a dirty cup?

                            No, I'm using a clean cup.

8. live in a noisy place    Are you living in a noisy place?

                            No, I'm living in a quiet place.

9.work for a mean boss    Are you working for a mean boss?

                            No, I'm working for a kind boss.

10. drink weak coffee      Are you drinking weak coffee?

                            No, I'm drinking strong coffee.

11. speak poor English     Are you speaking poor English?

                            No, I'm speaking good English.

12. visit a sick person     Are you visiting a sick person?

                            No, I'm visiting a healthy person.

13. ask a stupid question    Are you asking stupid question?

                            No, I'm asking an intelligent question.

14. teach a bored student    Are you teaching a bored student?

                            No, I'm teaching an interested student.

15. do a selfish thing       Are you doing a selfish thing?

                            No, I'm doing a generous thing.

16. sing a new song        Are you singing a new song?

                            No, I'm singing a old song.

17. teach lazy students      Are you teaching lazy students?

                            No, I'm teaching hardworking students.

18. live on a narrow street  Are you living on a narrow street?

                             No, I'm living a wide street.

19. drive a dangerous car   Are you driving a dangerous car?

                            No, I'm driving a safe car.

20. visit a rich family      Are you visiting a rich family?

                            No, I'm visiting a poor family.

21.work in a high building  Are you working in a high building?

                            No, I'm working in a low building.

22. use a wet towel        Are you using a wet towel?

                            No, I'm using a dry towel.

23. write a sad song       Are you writing a sad song?

                            No, I'm writing a cheerful song.

24. go to a flat country    Are you going to a flat country?

                            No, I'm going to a mountainous country.

25. hold an empty glass    Are you holding an empty glass?

                            No, I'm holding a full glass.

3 CHART 1. THE PROGRESSIVE TENSE.Q&A

1. Take a rest

S.1 Is Miss Cullen taking a rest now?

S.2 No, she isn't taking a rest. She's teaching English.

2. Teacher  have lunch

S.3 Is Dr.Bishop having lunch now?

S.4 No, he isn't having lunch. He's examining a patient.

3. Teacher  paint a picture

S.5 Is Mr.Richards painting a picture now?

S.6 No, he isn't painting a picture. He's designing a machine.

Continue

4. have a drink       Is Mrs.Jone having a drink now?

   No, she isn't having a drink.  She's looking for after her family.

5. play games        Is Mr. Smish playing games now?.

                   No, he isn't playing games. He's taking photographs.

6. give a golf lesson  Is Mr.Brown giving a golf lesson now?

                  No, he isn't giving a golf lesson. He's playing in a tournament.

7. visit a friend      Is Miss McBride visiting a friend now?

   No, she isn't visiting a friend. She's taking care of a sick person.

8. write a letter      Is Mr.King writing a letter now?

                    No, he isn't writing a letter. He's writing an article.

9. take a nap        Is Mr.Jordan taking a nap now?

                    No, he isn't taking a nap. He's repairing a car.

10. cook dinner      Is Miss Clark cooking dinner now?

                   No, she isn't cooking dinner. She's serving a passenger.

11. take a trip       Is Miss Green taking a trip now?

                   No, she isn't taking a trip. She's typing a letter.

12. buy a house     Is Mr.Walton buying a house now?

            No, he isn't buying a house. He's selling an air conditioner.

4 ADVERBS OF FREQENCY. Q&A

1998/07/27

Teacher miss class

S.1 Do you ever miss class?

S.2 No. I hardly ever miss class.

Teacher  lonely

S.3 Are you ever lonely?

S.4 Yes. I'm sometimes lonely.

Teacher go for a drive

S.5 Do you ever go for a drive?

S.6  Yes. I often go for a drive.

Continue

1. play the piano       Do you ever play piano?

                      No, I hardly ever play piano.

2. take a vacation      Do you ever take a vacation?

                      No, I hardly ever take a vacation.

3. late                 Are you ever late?

                      Yes, I'm sometimes late.

4.memorize the dialogue  Do you ever memorize the dialogue?

                       No, I hardly ever memorize the dialogue.

5. depressed            Are you ever depressed?

                      Yes, I'm sometimes depressed.

6. bored               Are you ever bored?

                      Yes, I'm sometimes bored.

7. listen to the radio    Are you ever listening to the radio?

                       No, I hardly ever listening to the radio.

8. selfish              Are you ever selfish?

                       No, I hardly ever selfish.

9. read the newspaper   Do you ever read the newspaper?

                       No, I hardly ever read the newspaper.

10. write letters        Do you ever write letters?

                        No, I hardly ever write letters.

11. use a typewriter    Do you ever use a typewriter?

                        No, I hardly ever use a typewriter.

12. early              Are you ever early?

                        Yes, I sometimes early.

13. play tennis         Do you ever play tennis?

                        No, I hardly ever play tennis.

14. careless            Are you ever careless?

                        Yes, I sometimes careless.

15. angry              Are you ever angry?

                        Yes, I sometimes angry.

16. eat rice            Do you ever eat rice?

                        No, I hardly eat rice.

17. sing in the bath    Do you ever sing in the bath?

                        No, I hardly ever sing in the bath.

18. satisfied           Are you ever satisfied?

                        Yes, I sometimes satisfied.

19. sick               Are you ever sick?

                        Yes, I sometimes sick.

20. take a walk         Do you ever take a walk?

                        No, I hardly ever take a walk.

21. wrong             Are you ever wrong?

                        Yes, I sometimes wrong.

22. go to the movies    Do you ever go to the movies?

                        No, I hardly ever to to the movies.

23. do your homework   Do you ever do your homework?

                        No, I hardly ever do my homework.

24. enjoy this class      Do you ever enjoy this class?

                        No, I hardy ever enjoy this class.

25. worried            Are you ever worried?

                        Yes, I sometimes worried.

26. ask a question      Do you ever ask a question?

                        No, I hardly ask a question.

27. buy stamps         Do you ever buy stamps?

                        No, I hardly ever buy stamps.

28. dishonest           Are you ever dishonest?

                        Yes, I sometimes dishonest.

29. take a trip         Do you ever take a trip?

                        No, I hardly ever take a trip.

30. cook dinner         Do you ever cook dinner?

                        No, I hardly ever cook dinner.

31. get tired           Do you ever get tired?

                        No, I hardly ever get tired.

32. carefree            Are you ever carefree?

                        Yes, I sometimes carefree.

33. sleep in class      Do you ever sleep in class?

                        No, I hardly sleep in class.

34. make a mistake    Do you ever make a mistake?

                        No, I hardly ever make mistake.

35. get up early        Do you ever get up early?

                        No, I hardly ever get up early.

36. interested          Are you ever interested?

                        Yes, I sometimes interested.

37. take a train        Do you ever take a train?

                        No, I hardly ever take a train.

38. sleep late          Do you ever sleep late?

                        No, I hardly ever sleep late.

39. sorry              Are you ever sorry?

                        Yes, I sometimes sorry.

40. tired              Are you ever tired?

                        Yes, I sometimes tired.

41. wear a hat          Do you ever wear a hat?

                        No, I hardly ever wear a hat.

42. get up late         Do you ever get up late?

                        No, I hardly ever get up late.

5 PRONOUNS IN ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

Teacher  Do you have a bag?

S.1  Yes, I have one./ No, I don't have one.

Teacher  Do you needs that bag?

S.2  Yes, I need it./ No, I don't need it.

Teacher  Do you want these bag?

S.3 Yes, I want them./ No. I don't want them.

Teacher  Do you have any bags?

S.4  Yes, I have some./ No, I don't have any.

Teacher  Do you like Mr. Sato?

S.5 Yes, I like him.

Teacher  Do you know me?

S.6  Yes, I know you.

Teacher Are you taking a rest?

S.7 No, I'm not taking one.

1. Are you listening to the radio?  No, I'm not listening one.

2. Are you singing a song?          No, I'm not singing one.

3. Do you have a teacher?        Yes, I have one. /No. I don't have one.

4. Do you know the teacher?      Yes, I know him.

5. Do you have any friend?       Yes, I have some. /No. I don't have any.

6. Do you know that student?     Yes, I know him.

7. Do you know these student?    Yes, I know them.

8. Are you buying any tickets?    No, I'm not buying any.

9. Do you need a tickets?        Yes, I need it./No, I don't need it.

10. Do you want the tickets?     Yes, I want them. /No I don't want any.

11. Do you have the tickets?     Yes, I have them. /No, I don't have any.

12.Are we holding a meeting?     No, We're not holding  one.

13. Do you play any games?     Yes, I play some. /No, I'm not play any.

14.Are you writing a letters?     No, I'm not writing one.

15. Are you reading the letters?  No, I'm not reading one.

16. Do you understand the words?   Yes, I understand them.

                                  No, I don't understand them.

17. Are you missing any classes?     No, I'm not missing them.

18. Do you understand me?          Yes, I understand you.

19. Are you using a telephone?      No, I'm not using it.

20. Do you have an eraser?         Yes, I have it. /NO, I don't have it.

21. Are you making any mistakes?   NO, I'm not making any.

22. Are you answering the questions?  No, I'm not answering any.

23. Do you understand the dialogues?  Yes, I understand then.

                                      No, I don't understand any.

24. Are you wearing a ring?          No, I don't wearing it.

25. Do you need a rest?             Yes, I need it, /No. I don't need it.

1998/08/01

 

LESSEON 11

The past tense of the verb be and of regular verbs with the auxiliary form did is intro-duced and practiced with contrary adjective pairs and with Chart 3 respectively. Short

answers to questions in the past tense are also practiced, as well as days, months, sea-

sons, years and dates.

DIALOGUE: "A GOOD TIME AT THE PARTY"

Helen    Good morning Brian.

Braian   Hello Helen, How was the party last night?

        Did you have a good time?

Helen   Yes, It was a lot of fan.

Brian   What about Carrol?  Was she there?

Helen   Yes, She enjoyed it a lot too.

        Bay the way, I didn't see you. Where were you?

Brian   Me? Oh I stayed at home.

Helen   Why didn't you go?

Braian   I wasn't invited. That's why.

1 PAST TENSE OF BE. SUBSTITUTION

The party was a lot of fun.

The party was enjoyable.

Was the party enjoyable?

The concert was enjoyable.

The concert wasn't enjoyable.

The concert wasn't interesting.

The concerts weren't interesting.

Continue

1. the teachers      The teachers weren't interesting.

2. satisfied        The teachers weren't satisfied.

3. I               I wasn't satisfied.

4. Brian           Braian wasn't satisfied.

5. invited          Braian wasn't invited.

6. (affirmative)     Braian was invited.

7. we             We were invited.

8. worried         We were worried.

9. she             She was worried.

10. (question)       Was she worried?

11.interested        Was she interested?

12. you            Were you interested?

13. comfortable     Were you comfortable?

14. the guests      Were the guests comfortable?

15. important       Were the guests important?

16. (statement)      The gusts were important.

17. that man       That man was important.

18. generous       That man was generous.

19. those women   Those woman were generous.

20. nervous        Those woman were nervous.

21. I              I was nervous.

22. (negative)       I wasn't nervous.

23. shy            I wasn't shy.

24. you            You weren't shy.

25. that student     That student wasn't shy.

2 CONTRARY ADJECTIVES. Q&A

Teacher  free - the boss

S.1 Was the boss free?

S.2 No. He was busy.

Teacher  boring - the movie

S.3 Was the movie boring?

S.4 No. It was interesting.

Teacher  stupid - the boys

S.5 Were the boys stupid?

S.6 No. They were intelligent.

Continue

1. repressed - your mother   Was your mother depressed?

                             No. She was happy.

2. loud - the radio          Was the radio loud?

                             No. It was quiet.

3. dangerous - the road      Was the road dangerous?

                             No. It was safe.

4. honest - those men        Were those men honest?

                             No. they were dishonest.

5. narrow - the street        Was the street narrow?

                             No. It was wide.

6. thick - the toast          Was the toast thick?

                             No. It was thin.

7. fat - your coach          Was your coach fat?

                             NO. He was thin.

8. careless - the drivers      Were the drivers careless?

                             No. They were careful.

9. old - your landlady        Was your landlady old?

                             No. She was young.

10. slow - the runners       Were the runners slow?

                             No. They were fast.

11. late - your friends       Were your friends late?

                             No. They were early.

12.interested - Mr.Jacson     Was Mr.Jacson interested?

                             No. He was bored.

13. lazy - the students       Were the students lazy?

                             No. They were hardworking .

14. busy - the secretary      Was the secretary busy?

                             No. She was free.

15. really sick - your father   Was your father really sick?

                               No. He was healthy.

3  INTRODUCTION TO CHART 3. PAST TENSE

(a) Repetition

1. He listened to the radio this morning.

2. They played cards yesterday.

3. She practiced the piano last Sunday.

4. He memorized the dialogue yesterday evening.

5. He visited some relatives last week.

6. She washed the dishes this afternoon.

7. They watched television last night.

8. He worked yesterday afternoon.

9. She typed a report a few hours ago.

10. They got together with some friends last night.

11. She ironed the clothes last Monday.

12. They attended a conference last month.

(b) Question

1. Teacher this morning

S.1 Did he listen to the radio this morning?

2. Teacher yesterday

S.2 Did they play cards yesterday?

3. Teacher Did she practice the piano last Sunday?

Continue

4. yesterday evening        Did he memorize the dialogue yesterday evening?

5. last week               Did he visit some relatives last week?

6. this afternoon           Did she wash the dishes this afternoon?

7. last night               Did they watch television last night?

8. yesterday afternoon      Did he work yesterday afternoon?

9. a few hours ago         Did she type a report a few hours ago?

10. last night              Did thy get together with some friends last night?

11. last Monday            Did she iron the clothes last Monday?

12. last month             Did they attend a conference last month?

(c) Negative sentences

1. Teacher  last night

S.1 He didn't listen to the radio last night.

2. Teacher this morning

S.2 They didn't play cards this morning.

3. Teacher yesterday

S.3 She didn't practice the piano yesterday.

Continue

$. this after noon          He didn't memorize the dialogue this afternoon.

5. last Tuesday            He didn't visit some relatives last Tuesday.

6. today                  She didn't wash the dishes today.

7. this morning            They didn't watch television this morning.

8. last Saturday            He didn't work last Saturday.

9. the week before last     She didn't type a report the week before last.

10. the day before yesterday The didn't get together with some friends

                          the day before yesterday.                 .

11. yesterday afternoon     She didn't iron the clothes yesterday afternoon.

12. last summer             The didn't attend a conference last summer.

4 SHORT ANDWERS TO QUESTIONS

Teacher Did you study English yesterday?

S.1 Yes, I did. /No. I didn't.

Teacher Were you sick last week?

S.2 Yes I was. /No, I wasn't.

Teacher Do you play the guitar?

S.3 Yes, I do. ? No, I don't.

Teacher Are you a good skier?

S.4 Yes, I am./No, Ifm not.

Continue

1. Did you have breakfast this morning?  Yes, I did./No, I didn't.

2. Was the homework easy?             Yes, It was./No, It wasn't.

3. Were you absent last week?           Yes, I was./NoCI wasn't.

4. Are you sleep today?                 Yes, I am./No, I'm not..

5. Did you take a trip last summer?      Yes, I did./No. I didn't.

6. Do you usually read the newspapers?   Yes. I am./No. I'm not.

7. Do you often go to the movies?       Yes, I do. /No. I don't.

8. Were you in Tokyo on business last month?  Yes, I was./No. I wasn't.

9. Did you write any letters last Sunday?       Yes, I did./No, I didn't.

10. Did you miss class last week?        Yes, I did. /No, I didn't.

11.Was it cold last winter?               Yes, It was./No. It wasn't.

12. Do you sometimes go for a drive?     Yes, I do./No, I don't.

13. Did you have a cup of coffee this morning? 

                                       Yes, I did./No, I didn't.

14. Do you usually drink coffee?          Yes, I do./No, I don't.

15. Are you a coffee drinker?             Yes, I am./No. I'm not.

16. Were you in Europe last year?        Yes, I was./No, I was not.

17. Did you sing in the bath yesterday evening?

                                      Yes, I did./No, I didn't.

18. Are you a good cook?               Yes, I am./No. I am not.

19. Do you enjoy parties?                Yes, I do./No, I don't.

20. Did you go to a party last month?     Yes, I did./No, I didn't.

5 DAY,MONTHS,SEASONS,YERS AND DATES

(a) Birthdays and ages

S.1 When's your birthday, Mr.Satou?

S.2 It's on September 15th.

S.1 What year were you born?

S.2 I was born in 1958.

S.1 So you're 40 years old.

S.2 That's right.

The students take turns at practicing the above conversation, putting in real years and

dates. Ladies, of course need not tell truth.

(b) Free answers to questions

Teacher Is today Sunday?

S.1 No, it isn't.

Teacher What day is it?

S.2 It's Monday.

Teacher What day was yesterday?

S.3 It was Sunday.

Continue

1. What day is tomorrow?           It's Saturday.

2. What day was the day before yesterday?    It was Sunday.

3. What month is this?             It's April.

4. What's the date today?           It's August 12th  1998.

5. What was the date yesterday?     It was August 11th 1998.

6. What's the date tomorrow?       It's August 13th 1998.

7. What year is this?              It's  1998.

8. What year was it ten years ago?   It was 1988.

9. What season is this?            It's  summer.

10. What season do you like most?    I like summer.

11. What date is Christmas day?      It's December 25th.

12. What was the date last Friday?    It was August 7th.

13. What month do you like most?    I like August.

14. Is March in winter?              No, it's spring.

!5. What season is March in?         It's spring.

LESSON 12

This lesson is mainly devoted to practice an the past tense of selected irregular verbs

introduces in frequently used verb phrases. The interrogative words who, what, where

and when are also practiced.

1 TRANSFORMATION TO PAST TENSE.

Teacher He's having a good time.

Students He's having a good time.

Teacher last night

S.1 He had a good time last night.

Teacher They understand the lesson.

Students They understand the lesson.

Teacher last Tuesday

S.2 They understood the lesson last Tuesday.

Continue

1. I'm speaking English now.

(yesterday)                    I spoke English yesterday.

2.She's reading the paper.       She read the paper this morning.

(this morning)

3. I'm writing a letter.          I wrote a letter yesterday afternoon.

(yesterday)

4. He's eating a sandwich.      He ate a sandwich about ten minutes ago.

(about ten minutes ago)

5. She always drinks  milk with her lunch.

(yesterday)                   She drank milk with her lunch yesterday.

6. They're singing in class.     They sang in class last Thursday.

(last Thursday)

7. They're taking a short walk.  They took a short walk the day before yesterday.

   (the day before yesterday)   

8. We're going for a drive.     We went for drive the week before last.

(the week before last)

9. I7m doing my homework.    I did my homework yesterday evening.

(yesterday evening)

10. She's coming to see us.    She came to see us last summer.

(last summer)

11. She's buying a sewing machine.   She bought a sewing machine a long  time ago.

 (a long time ago)  

12.He always forgets his books.       He always forgot his books yesterday.

(yesterday)

13. He keeps his work clothes in this locker.

(last year)                      He kept his work clothes in this locker last year.

14. I see a calendar on the desk.

    (this morning)       I saw a calendar on the desk this morning.

15. The students're sitting down now.

   (a few minutes ago)   The students sat down a few minute ago)

16. The teacher's standing up.  The teacher stood up a few seconds ago.

( a few seconds ago)

17. She's teaching office workers now.

(last year)              She taught office workers last year.

18. He's wearing a bright yellow sweater.

(yesterday)              He wore a bright yellow sweater yesterday.

19. Mr.Brown is giving a golf lesson.

( a short time ago)      Mr.Brown gave a golf lesson a short time ago.

20. He always meets his girlfriend here.

(yesterday evening)      He met his girlfriend here yesterday evening.

 

2 CHERT 1. WHAT DID HE DO?

1. S.1 What did Miss Cullen do yesterday?

S.2 She taught English.

2. S.3 What did Dr.Bishop do yesterday?

S.4 He examined a patient.

3. S.5 What did Mr. Richards do yesterday?

S.6 He designed a machine.

Continue

4. What did Mrs.Jones do yesterday?   She looked after her family.

5. What did Mr.Smith do Yesterday?    He took some photographs.

6. What did Mr.brown do yesterday?    He played in a tournament.

7. What did Miss Mcbride do yesterday?  She took care of a sick person.

8. What did Mr.King do yesterday?     He wrote an article.

9. What did Mr.Jordan do yesterday?   He repaired a car.

10. What did Miss Clark do yesterday?  She served some passengers.

11. What did Miss Green do yesterday?  She typed a letter.

12. What did Mr.Walton do yesterday?   He sold an air conditioner.

3 CHERT 2. WHERE DID YOU PUT MY THINGS?

1. S.1 Where did you put my book?

S.2 I put them in that bookcase.

". S.3 Where did you put my dishes?

S.4 I put them in that cupboard.

Continue

3. Where did you put my clothes? I put them in that closet.

4. Where did you put my shirts? I put them in that drawer.

5. Where did you put my vegetables? I put them in that refrigerator.

6. Where did you put my work clothes?   I put them in that locker.

7. Where did you put my records? I put them in that cabinet.

8. Where did you put my tools? I put them in that toolbox.

9. Where did you put my valuables? I put them in that safe.

4 CHART 3. QUESTIONS WITH WHEN

1. Teacher this morning

S.1 When did he listen to the radio?

S.2 He listened to the radio this morning.

2. Teacher yesterday

S.3 When did they play cards?

S.4 They played cards yesterday.

3. Teacher last Sunday

S.5 When did she practice the piano?

S.6 She practices the piano last Sunday.

Continue

4. the week before last When did he memorize the dialogue?

                        He memorized the dialogue the week before last.

5. yesterday evening    When did he visit some relatives?

                        He visited some relatives yesterday evening.

6. this afternoon       When did she wash the dishes?

                        She washed the dishes this afternoon.

7. last night           When did they watch television?

                        They watched television last night.

8. the day before yesterday When did he work?

                            He worked the day before yesterday.

9. a few hours ago      When did she type a report?

                        She typed a report a few hours ago.

10. last night          When did they get together with some friend?

                        They got together with some friends last night.

11. last Wednesday     When did she iron the clothes?

                        She ironed the clothes last Wednesday.

12. last January        When did they attend a conference?

                        They attended a conference last January.

5 WHO,WHAT,WHERE, WHEN. Q&A

Teacher I had a sandwich about an hour ago.

Students I had a sandwich about an hour ago.

Teacher what

S.1 What did you have?

S.2 I had a sandwich.

Teacher when

S.1 When did you have it?

S.2 About an hour ago.

Teacher I spoke to Brian this morning.

Students I spoke to Brian this morning.

S.3 Who did you speak to?

S.4 I spoke to Brian.

Teacher When

S.3 When did you speak to him?

S.4 This morning.

Continue

1. I went to Kyushu last month.

Where               Where did you go?

                    I went to Kyushu.

When                When did you go there?

                    Last month.

2. I ate some doughnut this morning.

What                What did you eat?

                    I ate some doughnut.

when                When did you eat them?

                    this morning.

3. I sat in the corner a few minutes ago.

where               Where did you sit?

                    I sat in the corner.

when                When did you sit there?

                    A few minutes ago.

4. I wore a red sweater last winter.

what               What did you wear?

                   I wore a red sweater.

when               When did you wear it?

                   Last summer.

5. I stayed in a hotel last summer.

where              Where did you stay at?

                   I stayed in a hotel.

when               Last summer.

6. I took my little sister last night.

who(m)             Who did you take?

                   I took my little sister.

when               When did you take her?

                   Last night.

7. I got together with some friends last Saturday evening.

who(m)             Who did you get together with?

                   I got together with some friends.

when               When did you get together with them?

                   Last Saturday evening.

8. I went to see my uncle a few days ago.

who(m)             Who did you go to see?

                   I went to see my uncle.

when               When did you go to see him?

                   A few days ago.

9. I spoke to some tourists last weekend.

who(m)             I spoke to some tourists.

when               When did you speak to them?

                   Last weekend.

10. I drank a cup of coffee this morning.

what               What did you drink?

                   I drank a cup of coffee.

when               When did you drink it?

                   This morning.

11. I forgot my books the day before yesterday.

what               What did you forget?

                   I forgot my books.

when               When did you forget them?

                   The day before yesterday.

12. I sang some folk songs the week before last.

what               What did you sing?

                   I sang some folk songs.

when               When did you sing them?

                   The week before last.

13.I met Dr. Bishop a long time ago.

who(m)             Who did you meet?

                   I met Dr. Bishop.

when               When did you meet him?

                   A long time ago.

14. I read a sports magazine a few hours ago.

what               What did you read?

                   I read a sports magazine.

when               When did you read it?

                   A few hours ago.

1998/08/16

6 WHERE AND WHEN. CONVERSATON

(a) WHERE WERE YOU?

Teacher  at the party - stay at home

S.1  I didn't see you at the party yesterday.

     Where were you?

S.2 Me? Oh, I stayed at home.

Teacher  at the ballpark - busy

S.3  I didn't see you at the ballpark yesterday.

     Where were you?

S.4  Me? Oh, I was busy.

Continue

1. at the library -      I didn't see you at the library yesterday.

   study at home           Where were you?

                         Me? Oh, I studied at home.

2. at the picnic -       I didn't see you at the picnic yesterday.

   sick in bed             Where were you?

                         Me? Oh, I was sick in bed.

3. at the office -       I didn't see you at the office yesterday.

   Attend a conference     Where were you?

                         Me? Oh, I attended a conference.

4. at the club - go to   I didn't see you at the club yesterday.

   see some friends        Where were you?

                         Me? Oh,, I went to see some friends.

5. at the coffee shop -  I didn't see you at the coffee shop yesterday.

   go to the movies      Where were you?

                         Me? Oh, I went to the movies.

6. at the language-      I didn't see you at the language institute yesterday.

   institute             Where were you?

   have a date           Me? Oh, I had a date.

7. at the meeting -      I didn't see you at the meeting yesterday.

   work late               Where were you?

                         Me? Oh, I worked late.

8. at the dance -        I didn't see you at the dance yesterday.

   tired                   Where were you?

                         Me? Oh, I was tired.

(b)  WHEN WAS THE LAST TIME?

Teacher play tennis - last Saturday

S.1 Do you ever play tennis?

S.2 Yes. I often do.

S.1 When was the last time?

S.2 Last Saturday, as a matter of fact.

Teacher study in the library – yesterday morning

S.3 Do you ever study in the library?

S.4 Yes. I often do.

S.3 When was the last time?

S4. Yesterday morning, as a matter of fact.

Continue

1. go to concerts - the week before last

   Do you ever go to concerts?

   Yes. I do often.

   When was the last time?

   The week before last, as matter of fact.

2. have lunch in a restaurant - this afternoon

   Do you ever have lunch in a restaurant?

   Yes. I often do.

   When was the last time?

   This afternoon, as matter of fact.

3. take a walk - the day before yesterday

   Do you ever take a walk?

   Yes. I often do.

   When was the last time.

   The day before yesterday, as matter of fact.

4. watch documentaries - last night

   Do you ever watch documentaries?

   Yes. I often do.

   When was the last time?

   Last night, as matter of fact.

5. play cards with your father - yesterday

   Do you ever play cards with your father?

   Yes, I often do.

   When was the last time?

   Yesterday, as matter of fact.

6. go to parties - a few days ago

   Do you ever go to parties?

   Yes. I often do.

   When was the last time?

   A few days ago, as matter of fact.

7. read comic books - this morning

   Do you ever read comic books?

   Yes. I often do.

   When was the last time?

   This morning, as matter of fact.

8. take a trip - last month

   Do you ever take a trip?

   Yes. I often do.

   When was the last time?

   Last month, as matter of fact.

LESSON 13

The lesson contains two substitution drills on the use of the present

tense with time adverbial expressions denoting that an action occurs

periodically. The future form going to is then introduced and practiced

with adverbs expressing future time. the lesson ends with a series of

what time questions to be answered freely.

1998/08/17

DIALOGE:  "SUNDAY GOLF"

(Two young businessmen are talking about golf on thier way home from

 the office.)

Mark    I usually play about once a month. What about you?

Frank   I play every Sunday.

Mark    Even when it rain?

Frank   Yes, even when it rain. I never miss a game on Sundays.

Mark    Where do you go?

Frank   The Dale Country Club. Do you know it?

Mark    Yes. I was there once. It's a nice course.

        You're going to play next Sunday, I suppose.

Frank   I certainly am. Listen! Why don't you come with me?

Mark    I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

Frank   Let's meet at the clubhouse at 1:30 in the afternoon.

Mark    That's a bit late, isn't it?

Frank   I know. But I'm busy until then.

1 PRESENT TENSE WITH ADVERBS OF TIME. SUBSTITUTION

I go home every day.

I take a shower every day.

I take a shower every evening.

My father takes a shower every evening.

My father watches TV every evening.

Continue

1. come to home late     My father comes home late every evening.

2. every Saturday        My father comes home late every Saturday.

3. go for a drive        My father goes for a drive every Saturday.

4. my family and I      My family and I go for a drive every Saturday.

5. once a month         My family and I go for a drive once a month.

6. I                     I go for a drive once a month.

7. get a haircut          I get a haircut once a month.

8. every two months      I get a haircut every two months.

9. go to the movies      I go to the movies every two months.

10. my sister            My sister goes to the movies ever tow months.

11. ever weekend         My sister goes to the movies every weekend.

12. meet her boyfriend   My sister meets her boyfriend every weekend.

13. every other day      My sister meets her boyfriend every other day.

14. get up late          My sister gets up late every other day.

15. I                    I get up late every other day.

2 MORE ON ADVERBS OF TIME. SUBSTITUTION

I usually have dinner at six thirty.

I usually catch the bus at six thirty.

I usually get home at six thirty.

I sometimes get home at six thirty.

My father sometimes gets home at six thirty.

My father sometimes gets home late at night.

Continue

1. have a drink          My father sometimes has a drink late at night.

2. often                 My father often has a drink late night.

3. before dinner         My father often has a drink before dinner.

4. change(clothes)       My father often changes before dinner.

5. I                     I often change before dinner.

6. watch the news on TV  I often watch the news on TV before dinner.

7. always                I always watch the news on TV before dinner.

8. go for a walk         I always go for a walk before dinner.

9. in the afternoon       I always go for a walk in the afternoon.

10. On Sundays          I always go for a walk on Sundays.

11. go to church         I always go to church on Sundays.

12. take a rest          I always take a rest on Sundays.

13. never               I never take a rest on Sundays.

14. sometimes           I sometimes take a rest on Sundays.

15. go skiing            I sometimes go skiing on Sundays.

16. on weekends         I sometimes go skiing on weekends.

17. my father           My father sometimes goes skiing on weekends.

18. go to work          My father sometimes goes to work on weekends.

19. go fishing           My father sometimes goes fishing on weekends.

20. always              My father always goes fishing on weekends.

21. on national holidays  My father always goes fishing on

                          national holidays.

22. play golf            My father always plays golf on national holidays.

23. in spring            My father always plays golf in spring.

24. in May             My father always plays golf in May.

25. on Saturday         My father always plays golf on Saturday

                         morning.

3 CHART 1. THE FUTURE FORM GOING TO. REPETITION

1998/08/19

1. She's going to teach English.

2. He's going to examine a patient.

3. He's going to design a machine.

4. She's going to look after her family.

5. He's going to take some photographs.

6. He's going to play in a tournament.

7. She's going to care of a sick person.

8. He's going to write an article.

9. He's going to repair a car.

10. She's going to serve the passengers.

11. She's going to type a letter.

12. He's going to sell an air conditioner.

4 FUTURE TIME ADVERBS. SUBSTITUTION

I'm going to buy an umbrella tomorrow.

She's going to buy umbrella tomorrow.

She's going to come home late tomorrow.

She's going to come home late next week.

Is she going to come home late nex week?

Is she going to attend class next week?

Are they going to attend class next week?

They're going to attend class next week.

They aren't going to attend class next week.

Continue

1. go abroad              They aren't going to abroad next week.

2. next Thursday          The aren't going to go abroad next Thursday.

3. he                     He isn't going to go abroad next Thursday.

4. get a part-time job      He isn't going to get part-time job next

                          Thursday.

5. (affirmative)            He's going to get a part-time job next Thursday.

6. I                     I'm going to get a part-time job next Thursday.

7. the week after next     I'm going to get a part-time job the week after next.

8. graduate             I'm going to graduate the week after next.

9. Bob                  Bob's going to graduate the week after next.

10.( question )          Is Bob going to graduate the week after next?

11. be busy             Is Bob going to be busy the week after next?

12. you                 Are you going to be busy the week after next?

13. this evening         Are you going to be busy this eveninng?

14. leave at 6:30        Are you going to leave at 6:30 this evening?

15. the plane           Is the plane going to leave at 6:30 this evening?

16. (statement)         The plane's going to leave at 6:30 this evening.

17. we                We're going to leave at 6:30 this evening.

18. soon               We're going to leave soon.

19. go to bed          We're going to go to bed soon.

20. I                  I'm going to go to bed soon.

21. late tonight         I'm going to go to bed late tonight.

22. (negative)          I'm not going to go to bed late night.

23. he                He's not going to go to bed late night.

24. get up early tomorrow morning

                     He isn't going to get up early tomorrow morning.

25. they             They aren't going to get up early tomorrow morning.

26.(affirmative)       They're going to get up early tomorrow morning.

27. next Sunday      They're going to get up early next Sunday.

28. get married       They're going to get married next Sunday.

29. in two weeks     They're going to get married in two weeks.

30. (question)        Are they going to get married in two weeks?

5 CHART3. WHEN IS HE GOING TO...?

1998/08/24

1. S.1 When is he going to listen to the radio?

2. S.2 When are they going to play cards?

3. S.3 When is she going to practice the piano?

Continue

4. When is he going to memorize the dialogue?

5. When is he going to visit some relatives?

6. When is she going to wash the dishes?

7. When are they going to watch television?

8. When is he going to work?

9. When is she going to type a report?

10. When are they going to get together with some friends?

11. When is she going to iron the clothes?

12. When are they going to attend a conference?

6 FREE ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS WITH WHAT TIME?

(Give short answers and add some comment freely. The answers given are only

 examples.)

Teacher What time did you get up this morning?

S.1 At 8 o'clock. Then I had breakfast.

Teacher What time do you usually go to bed?

S.2 At 11:30. Or some times 12:00.

Teacher What time are you going to have a supper this evening?

S.3 At 7 o'clock, I think.

Continue

1. What time do you usually have breakfast?  I don't have breakfast.

2. What time did you leave home this morning?   At 9:00. I was late.

3. What time are you going to come here next week?

   At 6:00. I came at 6:00 today, too.

4. What time did you finish school/work yesterday?

   About 7:00. Then I had supper.

5. What time are you going to take a bath tonight?

   I don't know. Maybe at 8:30.

6. What time do you usually have lunch?   At 12:00 or 12:30.

7. What time do you usually get up on Sundays?  About 8:00. Then I go to church.

8. What time are you going to do your homework this evening

   Homework? Do we have homework?

9. What time did you get home yesterday? At 9:00. I was really tired.

10. What time do you usually catch the train in the morning?  About 8:10. Today

    I missed the train.

11. What time are you going to watch TV this morning? I'm not going to watch TV.

12. What time does your father usually get home?

    At 7:00,ususally. Sometime at 8 o'clock.

13. What time did he get home yesterday?    At 7:30 or so.

14. What time does this class begin?   At 7:30. It's a 90-minute class.

16. What time is it now?    Time to finish!

LESSON 14

The lesson begins with a substitution exercise on the four tenses introduced so far.

 Then, just as the previous lesson was largely devoted to adverbial expressions denoting place and position. For this purpose Chart 4, Which illustrates many of these adverbial, is introduced here

and practices intensively. The use of can and can't is then practiced

and the lesson ends with an exercise on sentence word order.

1998/08/31

TENSE VARIATIONS. SUBSTITUTION

I watched TV yesterday.

I often watch TV.

She often watches TV.

She's hungry now.

She isn't hungry now.

She isn't going to be hungry tonight.

She isn't going to wash the dishes tonight.

I'm not going to wash the dishes tonight.

Continue

1. last night           I didn't wash the dishes last night.

2. you               You didn't wash the dishes last night.

3. (affirmative)        You washed the dishes last night.

4. late               You were late last night.

5. he                He was late last night.

6. (question)         Was he late last night?

7. you              Were you late last night?

8. every morning     Are you late every morning?

9. go to school      Do you go to school every morning?

10. he              Does he go to school every morning?

11. (statement)       He goes to school every morning.

12. now             He's going to school now.

13. we              We're going to school now.

14. usually          We usually go to school.

15. answer the questions  We usually answer the questions.

16. last week        We answered the questions last week.

17. now             We're answering the questions now.

18. tomorrow         We're going to answer the questions tomorrow.

19. I                I'm going to answer the questions tomorrow.

20. (negative)        I'm not going to answer the questions tomorrow.

21. attend class      I'm not going to attend class tomorrow.

22. on Sundays      I don't attend class on Sundays.

23. last Sunday      I didn't attend class last Sunday.

24. (affirmative)     I  attended class last Sunday.

25. twice a week    I attend class twice a week.

26. she              She attends class twice a week.

27.(question)        Does she attend class next week?

28. next week       Is she going to attend class next week?

29. now            Is she attending class now?

30. last week       Did she attend class last week?

2 INTRODUCTION TO CHART 4.

  ADVERBS OF PLACE AND POSITION

1998/09/01

(a) Repetition

1. The glass on the table is full.

   The glasses on the shelf are empty.

2. The room over the garage is noisy.

   The rooms on the third floor are quiet,

3. The children in the park are healthy.

   The child in the hospital is sick.

4. The dishes beside the sink is dirty.

   The dishes in the cupboard are clean.

5. The girl behind the counter are happy.

   The girl at the window is depressed.

6. The student at the desk is hardworking.

   The students around the table are lazy.

7. The windows at the back of the house are open.

   The window at the side of the house is closed.

8. The chair in the corner is comfortable.

   The chairs along the wall are uncomfortable.

9. The woman at the door is elderly.

   The women at the gate are young.

(b) Questions with WHERE

1998/09/03

(b) Questions with WHERE

1. S.1 Where's the full glass?

   S.2 It's on the table.

   S.3 Where're the empty glass?

   S.4 They're on the shelf.

2. S.5 Where's the noisy room?

   S.6 It's over the garage.

   S.7 Where're the quiet rooms?

   S.8 they're on the third floor.

Continue

3. Where're the healthy children?       They're in the park.

   Where's the sick child?              He's in the hospital.

4. Where's the dirty dish?              It's beside the sink.

   Where're the clean dishes?           They're in the cupboard.

5. Where're the happy girls?            They're behind the counter.

   Where's the depressed girl?          She's at the window.

6. Where's the hardworking student?     He's at the disk.

   Where're the lazy students?          They're around the table.

7. Where're the open windows?         They're at the back of the house.

  Where's the closed window?          It's at the side of the house.

8. Where's the uncomfortable chair?     It's in the corner .

  Where's the young women?           She's at the door.

9. Where's the elderly woman?          She's at the door.

   Where're the young women?         They're at the gate.

(c) YES/NO questions

Teacher Is the noisy room over the bank?

   S.1 No. It's never the garage.

Teacher  Are the uncomfortable chairs on the third floor?

   S.2 No. They're along the wall.

Teacher Is the hardworking student at the desk?

   S.3 yes. he is.

Continue

1.Are the clean dishes beside the sink?   No. They're in the cupboard.

2. Is the closed window at the side of the house?

                                          Yes, it is.

3. Are the quiet rooms at the side of the house?

                                        No. They're on the third floor.

4. Are the healthy children at the zoo?

                                        No. they're in the park.

5. Are the young women around the table?   No. They're at the gate.

6. Are the open windows at the back of the house?   yes. they are.

7. Is the comfortable chair at the side of the house?

                                   No. It's in the corner.

8. Is the dirty dish in the sink?       No. It's beside the sink.

9. Is the  full glass beside the sink?  No. It's on the table.

10. Is the sick child at the gate?      No. He's in the hospital.

11. Are the empty glasses in the cupboard? No. They're on the shelf.

12. Are the lazy students at the gate?  No. They're around the table.

13. Is the elderly woman at the door?  Yes. she is.

14. Is the depressed girl behind the counter?   No. She's at the window.

15. Are the happy girls behind the counter?    Yes, they are.   

3 CAN AND CAN'T

1998/09/05

(a) Repetition

1. Can you swim?

2. Can she play the piano?

3. We can understand English now.

4. I can type my homework.

5. Can you come to the party next week?

6. I'm sorry, but I can't go.

7. He can't drive.

8. They can't make it to class on time.

9. I'm sorry, I can't help you.

10. She can't come to the party.

(b) Short answers to questions

Teacher  ride a bicycle

S.1 Can you ride a bicycle?

S.2 Yes, I can.

Teacher fly a plane

S.3 Can you fly a plane?

S.4 No, I can't.

Continue

1. speak English well         Can you speak English well?    Yes, I can.

2. come here tomorrow       Can you come here tomorrow?   No, I can't.

3. drive                     Can you drive?                Yes, I can.

4. swim                     Can you swim?                Yes, I can.

5. play tennis                Can you play tennis?           No, I can't.

6. make a cake              Can you make a cake?          No, I can't.

7. cook dinner               Can you cook dinner?          No, I can't.

8. answer this question        Can you answer this question?  Yes, I can.

9. play golf                  Can you play golf?            No, I can't.

10. go to Europe next summer  Can you go to Europe next summer?

                                                           No, I can't.

11. always do your homework   Can you always do your homework?

                                                           Yes, I can.

12. come to call next week    Can you come to call next week?

                                                           Yes, I can.

13. use a typewriter          Can you use a typewriter?    Yes, I can.

14. avoid mistakes            Can you avoid mistakes?      No, I can't.

15. hear me                   Can you hear me?             Yes, I can.

16. understand me             Can you understand me?       Yes, I can.

17. speak German              Can you speak German?        Yes, I can .

18. repair cars               Can you repair cars?         No, I can't.

19. take good photographs     Can you take good photographs?

                                                           Yes, I can.

20. play the violin           Can you play the violin?      No, I can't.

4 CHART 3. WORD ORDER AND SENTENCE EXPANTION

1. Teacher (question-present tense)

 Students Does he listen to the radio?

 Teacher usually

 Students Does he usually listen to the radio?

 Teacher in the morning

 Students Does he usually listen to the radio in the morning?

 Teacher in the car

 Student Does he usually listen to the radio in the car in the morning?

Continue

2. (statement-past tense)   They played cards.

 in the clubhouse           They played cards in the clubhouse.

 yesterday afternoon        They played cards in the clubhouse yester-

                            day afternoon.

 at the country club        They played cards in the clubhouse at the

                            country club yesterday. afternoon.

3. (negative-future tense)  She isn't going to practice the piano.

 at home                    She isn't going to practice the piano at

                            home.

 next week                  She isn't going to practice the piano at

                            home next week. 

 

4. (statement-present tense) He memorizes the dialogue.

 usually                    He usually memorizes the dialogue.

 in Classroom B             He usually memorizes the dialogue in Class-

                            room B.

 on Thursdays               He memorizes the dialogue in Classroom B on                                    Thursday.

5. (question-past tense)    Did he visit some relatives?

 in Chicago             Did he visit some relatives in Chicago?.

 for an hour or two      Did he visit some relatives in Chicago for  an hour or two?

 last Sunday             Did he visit some relatives in Chicago for

                        an hour or two last Sunday?

6. (negative-present tense) She doesn't wash the dishes.

 usually                  She doesn't usually wash the dishes.

 immediately dinner       She doesn't usually wash the dishes immediately

                         after dinner.

 on Sundays              She doesn't usually wash the dishes immediately

                         after dinner on Sundays. 

7. (statement-future tense)  They're going to watch television.

 tonight                  They're going to watch television tonight.

 at 10 o'clock            They're going to watch television at 10

                         o'clock tonight.

 in the living room        They're going to watch television in the

                         living room at 10 o'clock tonight.

8. (negative-past tense)     He didn't work.

 in the factory            He didn't work in the factory.

 last week                He didn't work in the factory last week.

 in Washington           He didn't work in the factory in Washington                                      last week.

LESSON 15

This lesson reviews the structures and vocabulary introduced in Lessons11 to 14.

1 TENSE VARIATIONS. COMBINATION

Combine these time expressions and verbs into sentences with 'I' as subject.

Teacher yesterday evening - come home late

 S.1 I came home late yesterday evening.

Teacher every other day - change (clothes)

 S.2 I change every other day.

Teacher tomorrow night - go to a party

 S.3 I'm going to a party tomorrow night.

1998/09/08

Continue

1. last night - have a good time   I had a good time last night.

2. every tow weeks - play golf    I play golf every two weeks.

3. the day after tomorrow - be absent  I'm going to be absent the day

   after tomorrow.

4. every April - take a trip     I take a trip every April.

5. last fall - leave school       I left school last fall.

6. attend English class - twice a week I attend English class twice

                                   a week.

7. next April - graduate         I'm going to graduate next April.

8. last Wednesday - get a haircut I got a haircut last Wednesday.

9. three times a day - take this medicine  I take this medicine three times a day.

10. the week after next - be in London I'm going to be in London

                                    the week after next.

11. the day before yesterday - miss class I missed class the day before yesterday.

12. now - have dinner           I'm having dinner now.

13. in a few days - go abroad    I'm going to go abroad in a few days.

14. on Mondays - always depressed I'm always depressed on Mondays.

15. an hour and a half ago - have a drink I had a drink an hour and

                                       a half ago. 

16. in a few minutes - go home   I'm going to go home in a few minutes.

17. on New Year's day - always stay at home I always stay at home on

                                          New Year's say.

18. before dinner - always wash my hands    I always wash my hands

                                          before dinner.

19. the week before last - go skiing   I went skiing the week before last.

20. on national holidays - sometimes go for a drive

                         I sometimes go for drive on national holidays.    

2 IRREGULAR PAST TENSE AND PRONOUN FORMS

Answer all questions affirmatively.

Teacher go to the concert - yesterday

S.1 Did you go to the concert?

S.2 Yes, I went to it yesterday.

Teacher buy a magazine - last week

S.3 Did you buy a magazine?

S.4 Yes, I bought one last week.

Teacher meet some friends - yesterday evening

S.5 Did you meet some friend?

S.6 Yes, I met some yesterday evening.

Continue

1. eat any doughnuts-            Did you eat any doughnuts?

        this morning             Yes, I ate some this morning.

2. have a cup of coffee-         Did you have a cup of coffee?

        before class             Yes, I had one before class.

3. wear your gloves -            Did you wear your gloves?

       last Sunday              Yes, I wore them last Sunday.

4. read the evening paper -      Did you read the evening newspaper?

                               Yes, I read it last night.

5. see a good program -         Did you see a good program?

      last night                 Yes, I saw one last night.

1998/09/17

6. come to the school party -    Did you to the school party last year?

   last year                    Yes, I came the party last year.

7. write any letters -            Did you write any letters?

   last weekend                Yes, I wrote some last weekend.

8. take a trip -                 Did you take s trip?

   last summer                 Yes, I took one last summer.

9. forget your books -           Did you forget your book?

   last week                   Yes, I forgot them last week.

10. do your homework -         Did you do your homework?

    yesterday evening           Yes, I did it yesterday evening.

11. drink a cup of tea -         Did you drink a cup of tea?

    this morning               Yes, I drank one this morning.

12. teach the children -         Did you teach the children?

    a few days ago            Yes, I taught them a few days ago.

13. sing any songs -            Did you sing any song?

    at the party                Yes, I sang some at the party.

14. keep a dog -               Did you keep a dag?

    last year                   Yes, I kept one last year.

15. get any presents -           Did you get any presents?

    last year                    Yes, I got some last year.

16  sit on that chair-           Did you sit on that chair?

    last week                    Yes, I sat on it last week.

17. give a speech-               Did you give a speech?

    at the conference            Yes, I gave one at the conference.

18. leave your books here-       Did you leave your books here?

    yesterday                    Yes, I left them here yesterday.

19. speak English-               Did you speak English?

    tow years ago                Yes, I spoke it two years ago.

20. put your books here-         Did you put your books here?

    yesterday afternoon         Yes, I put them here yesterday afternoon.

 1998/09/21

3 SHALL WE ...?AND LET'S...

(a) Chart 3

1. Teacher watch TV

   S.1 Shall we watch TV?

   S.2 No. Let's listen to the radio.

2. Teacher read our books

 S.3 Shall we read our books?

 S.4 No. Let's play cards.

3. Teacher study English

 S.5 Shall we study English?

 S.6 No. Let's practice the piano.

Continue

4. read magazines             Shall we read magazines?

                             No. Let's memorize the dialogue.

5. write a report              Shall we write a report?

                             No. Let's visit some relatives.

6. go for a walk             Shall we go for a walk?

                             No. Let's wash the dishes.

7. go to bed                Shall we go to bed?

                             No. Let's watch television.

8. go to the movies          Shall we go to movies?

                             No. Let's work.

9. go for a drive            Shall we go for a drive?

                             No. Let's type our reports.

10. memorize the dialogue     Shall we memorize the dialogue?

                             No. Let's get together with some friends.

11. wash the dishes          Shall we wash the dishes?

                             No. Let's iron the clothes.

12. work in the office       Shall we work in the office?

                             No. Let's attend the conference.

(b) Questions with OR and free answers

Teacher go to school - stay at home

S.1 Shall we go to school or stay at home?

S.2 Let's stay at home.(free answer)

Teacher take a bus - take a taxi

S.3 Shall we take a bus or a taxi?

S.4 Let's take a bus.(free answer)

Continue

1. watch TV- go to bed   Shall we watch TV or go to bed?

                         Let's go to bed.

2. Work - take a rest     Shall we work or take a rest?

                         Let's take a rest.

3. cook dinner - go to a restaurant

                         Shall we cook dinner or go to a restaurant?

                         Let's cook dinner.

4. play tennis - play golf  Shall we play tennis or play golf?

                           Let's play golf.

5. go to Kyoto - go to Nara  Shall we go to Kyoto or go to Nara?

                            Let's go to Kyoto.

6. have a some sandwiches - have some doughnuts

                 Shall we have some sandwiches or have some doughnuts?

                 Let's have some doughnuts.

7. meet at the club - go together

                 Shall we meet at club or go together?

                 Let's meet at the club.

8. have a party - have a picnic

                 Shall we have a party or

 have a picnic?

                 Let's have a picnic.

9. telephone - write a letter

                 Shall we telephone or write a letter?

                 Let's telephone.

10. take a walk - go for drive

                 Shall we take a walk or go to drive?

 

                 Let's take a walk.

11. study English - play cards

                 Shall we study English or play cards?

                 Let's play cards.

12. watch TV - listen to the radio

                 Shall we watch TV or listen to the radio?

                 Let's listen to the radio.

13. speak Japanese - speak English

                 Shall we speak Japanese or speak English?

                 Let's speak English.

14. stand up - sit down

                 Shall we stand up or sit down?

                 Let's sit down.

15. listen to records - go to the movies

                 Shall we listen to records or go to the movies?

                 Let's listen to records.

4 WHAT TIME SHALL WE MAKE IT? CONVERSATION

1998/09/22

Teacher have dinner

S.1 Why don't we have dinner together?

S.2 I'd be delighted What time shall we make it?

S.1 Let's meet at (name of local restaurant) at (time).

S.2 Fine.

Teacher play tennis

S.3 Why don't we play tennis together?

S.4 I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

S.3 Let's meet at (name of local tennis club) at (time).

S.4 Fine.

Continue

1. go to the art gallery     Why don't we go to the art gallery?

                             I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

                           Let's meet at Sugimoto gallery at 10:30 a.m.

                             Fine.

2. go for a drive          Why don't we go for a drive?

                           I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

                           Let's meet at my house at 12 o'clock.

                           Fine.

3. have a cup of coffee    Why don't we have a cup of coffee?

                           I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

                           Let's meet at Ikoi coffee shop at 3 o'clock.

                           Fine.

4. go shopping             Why don't go shopping?

                           I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

5. play chess              Let's meet at Your house at 11 o'clock.

                           Fine.

6. take a walk            Why don't we take a walk?

                          I'd be delighted. What time  shall we make it?

                          Let's meet at beach at 6:00 a.m.

                           Fine.

7. go to the movies        Why don't go to the movies?

                           I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

                           Let's meet at Corona at 11:30 a.m.

                           Fine.

8. play golf               Why don't play golf?

                           I'd be delighted. what time shall we make it?

                           Let's meet at Tita country at 1:20 p.m.

                           Fine.

9. go to the zoo           Why don't go to the zoo?

                           I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

                           Let's meet at Higashiyama zoo at 10.00 a.m.

                           Fine.

10. go fishing             Why don't go fishing?

                           I'd be delighted. What time shall we make it?

                           Let's meet at Toyohama beach at 6:30 p.m.

5 SENTENCE EXPANSION

Teacher We had a good time.

 S.1 We had a good time.

Teacher last Sunday

S.2 We had a good time last Sunday.

Teacher playing golf

S.3 We had a good time playing golf last Sunday.

Teacher at the Dale Country Club

S.4 We had a good time playing golf at the Dale Country Club

    last Sunday.

    continue

1. I'm going to buy a present.  I'm going to buy a present.

   at Daimaru                I'm going to buy a present at Daimaru.

   for my parents             I'm going to buy a present for my

                             parents at Daimaru

   tomorrow afternoon         I'm going to buy a present for my

                             parents at Daimaru tomorrow afternoon.

2. I do my homework.         I do my homework.

   always                    I always do my home work.

   after supper                I always do my homework after supper.

   in my room                I always do my homework in my room

                              after supper.

3. I heard the news.           I heard the news.

   half an hour ago           I heard the news half an hour ago.

   on the rasio               I heard the news on the radio half

                             an hour ago

   in the office               I heard the news on the radio in the

                             office half an hour ago .

4. She's going to buy a sweater.  She's going to buy a sweater.

   at the new boutique         She's going to buy a sweater

                             at the new boutique.

   bright yellow               She's going to buy a bright yellow

                              sweater at the  new boutique.

   the day after tomorrow       She's going to buy a bright yellow

                              sweater at the new boutique the day

                              after tomorrow.

5. I met an old friend.          I met an old friend.

   last month                  I met an old friend last month.

   at an international           I met an old friend at an

   conference                  international conference last month.

   in New York               I met an old friend at an international

                              conference In Newyork last month.

6.  Why don't we go?          Why don't we go?

    for drive                  Why we don't we go for a drive?

    in the country             Why don't we go for drive in the country?

    together                  Why don't we go for drive together in the

                             country?

    the day after tomorrow    Why don't we go for a drive together

                             in the country the day after tomorrow?

6 FREE ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

Teacher Did you get up at 6 o'clock this morning?

S.1 Did you get up at 6 o'clock this morning Mr. Sato?

S.2 N0, I didn't get up at 6 o'clock.

S.1 What time did you get up then?

S.2 I got up at 7 o'clock.

Teacher Are you going to go to Hong Kong next Sunday?

S.3 Are you going to go Hong Kong next Sunday Miss Yosida?

S.4 No, I'm not going to go to Hong Kong.

S.3 Where are you going to go then?

S.4 I'm going to go to America.

Continue

1. Did you go to the movies with your grandmother?

   Did you go to the movies with your grandmother Mr. Yamamoto?

   No, I didn't go to the movies with my grandmother.

   Who did you go with then?

   I went with my mother.

2. Did you buy a box of matches at the boutique?

   Did you buy a box of matches at the boutique Ms. Goto?

   No, I didn't buy a box of matches at the boutique.

   What did you buy then?

   I bought a clothes.

3. Did you take a trip to Hokkaido yesterday?

   Did you take a trip to Hokkaido yesterday Ms. Honda?

   No, I didn't take a trip to Hokkaido yesterday.

   When did you take a trip to Hokkaido then?

  I took a trip to Hokkaido last week.

4. Do students usually ride horses to school?

   Do students usually ride horses to school Mr. Kato?

   No, I don't usually ride horses to school.

   What do they usually ride then?

   We usually ride a bus.

5. Are you going to write a novel next week?

   Are you going to write a novel next week Ms. Hasimoto?

   No, I don't going to write novel next week.

   What are you going to write then?

   I'm going to write novel 2 weeks later.

6. Can you visit the emperor tomorrow?

   Can you visit the emperor tomorrow Mr. Ito?

   No, I can't visit emperor tomorrow.

   Who can you visit then?

   I can visit preumister.

7. Are you living in Karuizawa now?

   Are you living in Karuizawa now Miss Ono?

   NO, I'm not living in Karuizawa now.

   Where are you living then?

   I'm living in Tokyo.

8. Did you speak to the president yesterday?

   Did you speak to the president yesterday Miss. Asukabe ?

   No, I don't speak to the president yesterday.

   Who did you speak to then?

   I spoke to vice president.

9. Can you give a speech at the party?

   Can you give a speech at the party Mr. Nagano?

   No, I can't  give a speech at the party.

   What can you do then?

   I can sing a song.

10. Are you going to go to bed at 9 o'clock tonight?

    Are you going to go to bed at 9 o'clock tonight Mrs. Hattori?

    No, I'm not going to go to bed at 9 o'c1ock tonight.

    What time are you going to go to bed then?

    I'm going to go to bed at 10:30 p.m.

11. Are you going to do your homework in the library tonight?

    Are you going to do your homework in the library tonight Mr. Kimura?

    No, I'm not going to do my homework in the library tonight.

    Where are you going to do it then?

    I'm going to do it at my home.

12. Do you usually have coke and doughnuts for breakfast?

    Do you usually have coke and doughnuts for breakfast Mr. Yada?

    No, I'm not usually have coke and doughnuts for breakfast.

    What do you usually have then?

    I usually have a milk and bread.

LESSN 16

The possessive case, including possessive pronouns and belong to, is introduced

 and practiced.

The pronouns one and ones as in a big one, small ones, etc. are also introduced and

 practiced in combination with contrary adjective pairs and in questions with which.

 The lessen ends with the introduction of Picture 1 to practice prepositions of location.

DIALOGUE: "MR.TANAKA'S CAR"

(Tom and Bill are on their way home from school. Tom spots an interesting looking car parked in front of the Wilsons' house.)

Tom    Whose car is that, I wonder?

Bill   Which car?

Tom    The one over there.

Bill   You mean the red one?

Tom    Yes. The one parked in front of the Wilson's house.

Bill   It looks like a new model to me.

       Maybe it belongs to one of Betty's friends.

Tom    I doubt it. Let's go and take a look at it anyway.

Bill   Wait! There're two men coming out of the house.

       One of them's a foreigner.

Tom    That's Mr.Tanaka. He's a business associate of Mr. Wilosn's.

       Look! They're shaking hands.

Bill   So that must be Mr. Tanaka's car.

Tom    You're a genius!

1998/09/28

1 CHART 1. TENSE VARIATION

1. Teacher yesterday afternoon

S1. Miss Cullen taught English yesterday afternoon.

 Teacher soon

S.2 Dr. Bishop's going to examine a patient soon.

3. Teacher now

S.3 Mr.Richards is designing a machine now.

Continue

4. every day         Mrs.Jones looks after her family every day.

5. at the moment     Mr.Smith's taking a photograph at the moment.

6. the other day     Mr.Brown played in a tournament the other day.

7. in a few minutes  Miss. McBride's going to take care of a sick

                    person in a few minutes.

8. the week before last  Mr. King wrote an article the week before last.

9. now                Mr.Jordan's repairing a car now.

10. every other day     Miss Clark serves passengers every other day.

11. the week after next  Miss Green's going to type a letter the week

                       after next.

12. a few minutes ago   Mr. Walton sold an air conditioner a few minutes                                  ago.

2 THAT'S JANE'S PEN / IT'S HERS

Teacher This is my book.

S.1 This is my book. It's mine.

Teacher These're your pencils.

S.2 These're your pencils. They're yours.

Teacher That's janes's pen.

S.3 That's Jane's pen. It's Jane's. It's hers.

Continue

1. Those're Tom's skis.           They're Tom's. They're his.

2. These're our textbooks.         They're ors.

3. That's their house.             It's theirs.

4. Those're Mary's shoes.         They're Mary's. They're hers.

5. That's Mr.Tanaka's car.         It's Mr.Tanaka's. It's his.

6. This in my calendar.           It's mine.

7. Those(re your friends.          They're yours.

8. This is the Wilson's house.      It's the Wilsons'. It's theirs.

9. That's Betty's sewing machine.   It's Betty's. It's hers.

10. These're our records.           They're ours.

11. This is the dog's collar.        It's the dog's.

12. That's the cat's dish.           It's the cat's.

3 BELONG TO

Teacher This is your book.

S.1 That book's mine. It belongs to me.

Teacher  These're my notebooks.

S.2 Those notebooks're yours. They belong to you.

Teacher This is Jane's pen.

S.3 That pen's Jane's. It belongs to her.

Continue. Change THIS and THESE to THAT and THOSE.

1. This is your watch.         That watch is mine. It belongs to me.

2. These're his skis.           Those skis're his. They belong to him.

3. This Mr.Coles's car.         That car's Mr.Cole's. It belongs to them.

4. This is their refrigerator.     That refrigerator's theirs. It belongs

                              to them.

5. These're your records.        Those records're mine. They belong to me.

6. These're Mrs. Lee's children.  Those're Mrs. Lee's. They belong to

                              her.

7. This is Betty's room.        That room's Betty's It belongs to her.

8. These're Tom's tools.         hose tools're Tom's. They belong to him.

9. This is your tape recorder.   That tape recorder's yours. It belongs                                              to us.

10. This is Bob's bicycle.      That bicycle's Bobfs. It belongs to him.

11. These're their coats.        Those coats're theirs. They belong to them.

12. This iss your camera.       That camera's mine. It belongs to me.

13. This is your house.(family)   That house is ours. It belongs to us.

14. This is your boat.(club)     That boat is ours. It belongs to us.

INTRODUCTION TO CHART 5

(a) Repetition

1. This is a shirt.            These're cuff links.

2. This is an album.          These're photographs.

3. This is an ashtray.         These're cigarettes.

4. This is a table.            These're chairs.

5. This is an envelope.        These're stamps.

6. This is a coat.             These're gloves.

7. This is a vase.             These're flowers.

8. This is a brooch.           These're pearls.

9. This is a vacuum cleaner.   These're rugs.

(b) Possessive forms. Repetition

1. This is Bob's shirt.        These're Tom's cuff links.

2. This is Bill's album.       These're Ken's photographs.

3. This is Roy's ashtray.      These're Mr.Jone's cigarettes.

4. This is Mary's table.       These're Mrs.Smith's chairs.

5. This is Jane's envelope.    These're Peter's stamps.

6. This is Louise's coat.      These're Carol's gloves.

7. This Mrs. Ramsey's vase.    These're Mr. Olsen's flowers.

8. This is Betty's brooch.    These're Ann's pearls.

9. This is Mrs. Reid's vacuum cleaner. These're Mrs. Lee's rugs.

 CHART 5. QESTIONS WITH WHOSE

1998/10/05

(a) WHOSE as adjective

1. S.1 Whose shirt is that?

   S.2 It's Bob's.

   S.1 Whose cuff links are those?

   S.2 Thay're Tom's.

2. S.3 Whose album is that?

   S.4 It's Bill's.

   S.3 Whose photographs are those?

   S.4 They're Ken's.

Continue with the remaining items of the chart.

(b) WHOSE as pronoun

1. S.1 Whose is that shirt?

   S.2 It's Bob's.

   S.1 Whose're those cuff links?

   S.2 They're Tom's.

2. S.3 Whose is that album?

   S.4 It's bill's.

   S.3 Whose're those photographs?

   S.4 They're Ken's.

Continue with the remaining items of the chart.

 6 ONE AND ONES

1998/10/11

(a) Substitution

This is a big one.

These're big ones.

These're red ones.

That's a red one.

Those're red ones.

Continue

1. heavy   

2. this     This is a heavy one.       These're heavy ones.

3. easy

4. these    These're a easy ones.      This is a easy one.

5. sweet

6. that     Those're sweet ones.       That is sweet one.

7. expensive

8. those    Those're expensive ones.   That is expensive one.

9. sour

10. this    This is a sour one.        Those're sour ones.

11. dark blue

12. these   These're dark blue ones.    This is a dark blue one.

13. light blue

14. that    That is a light blue one.  Those're light blue ones.

15. old

16. those   Those're old ones.         That is a old one.

17. interesting

18. this    This is a interesting one. Those're interesting ones.

19. colorful

20. these   These're colorful ones.    This is a colorful one.

21. comfortable

22. that    That is a comfortable one.  Those're comfortable ones.

23. square  That is a square one.       Those're square ones.

24. round   That is round one.          Those're round ones.

(b) with contrary adjectives. Q&A

Teacher Do you want an old car?

 S.1 No. I want a new one.

Teacher Do you like long lesson?

 S.2 No. I like short ones.

Teacher Do you have the wrong boo?

 S.3 No. I have the right one.

Teacher Are you wearing a thin sweater?

 S.4 No. I'm wearing a thick one.

Continue

1. Do you have a new model?           No. I have an old one.

2. Do you like mean people?            No. I like kind ones.

3. Do you like lazy students?           No. I like hardworking ones.

4. Do you have a full glass?           No. I have an empty one.

5. Did you see an interesting movie?    No. I saw a boring one.

6. Do you have a soft chair?           No. I have a hard one.

7. Did you get an honest answer?       No. I got a dishonest one.

8. Do you they drive fast cars?         No. They drive slow ones

9. Did you take the early train?        No. I took the late one.

10. Do you like quiet classes?          No. I like noisy one.

11. Did you as a poor student?         No. I asked good one.

12. Do you like selfish people?         No. I like generous ones.

13. Did you attend the late class?       No. I attended the early one.

14. Was it a cold lunch?               No. I was a hot one.

15. Do you like dark colors?           No. I like light ones.

16. Did you drive a dangerous car?     No. I drove a safe one.

17. Do you like sour tangerines?        No. I like sweet ones.

18. Is she using the dirty dishes?       No. She's using the clean ones.

7 QESTIONS WITH WHICH

Teacher

The book on the table is new.

S.1 Is the book new?

S.2 Which book do you mean?

S.1 The one on the table.

S.2 Yes, it is.

Teacher The new students study very hard.

S.3 Do the students study very hard?

S.4 Which students do you mean?

S.3 The new ones.

S.4 Yes, they do.

Continue

1. The bookstore on the corner is very good.

   Is the bookstore very good?

   Which bookstore do you mean?

   The one on the corner.

   Yes, it is.

2. The bus over there goes to the station.

   Does the bus go to the station?

   Which bus do you mean?

   The one over there.

   Yes, it does.

3. The teachers at the language institute are American.

   Are the teachers American?

   Which teachers do you mean?

   The ones at the language institute.

   Yes. they are.

4. The English textbook is very good.

   Is the textbook very good?

   Which textbook do you mean?

   The English one.

   Yes. it is.

5. The tall boy comes from the United States.

   Does the boy come from the United States?

   Which boy do you mean?

   The tall one.

   Yes, he does.

6. The party last night was enjoyable.

   Was the party enjoyable?

   Which party do you mean?

   The one last night.

   Yes, it was.

7. The girls in the kitchen are cooking.

   Are the girls cooking?

   Which girls do you mean?

   The ones in the kitchen.

   Yes. they are.

8. The tape recorder on the table belongs to the teacher.

   Does the tape recorder belong to the teacher?

   Which tape recorder do you mean?

   The one on the table.

   Yes, it does.

9. The test next week is going to be hard.

   Is the test going to be hard?

   Which test do you mean?

   The one next week.

   Yes, it is.

10. Those young people live near here.

    Do those people live near here?

    Which people do you mean?

    The young ones.

    Yes, they do.

11. The black car over there is a Cadillac.

    Is the car a Cadillac?

    Which car do you mean?

    The black one over there.

    Yes, it is.

12. The green pen on the desk belongs to Tom.

    Does the pen belong to Tom?

    Which pen do you mean?

    The green one on the desk.

    Yes, it does. 

8 INTRODUCTION TO PICTURE 1. PREPOSITIONS OF LOCATION

Repetition

1. This is a map of a small town.

2. Frankiln Avenue and Washington Avenue run north and south.

3. The streets run east and west.

4. The river runs from east to west.

5. The station is south of the river on Franklin Avenue,(on the block)

   between 9th and 10th Streets.

6. The library is north of the river at the corner of Franklin Avenue

   and 11th Street.

7. The library is two blocks from the station.

8. The park is in the center of the town.

9. The river runs through the park.

10. 11th Street runs along the river.

11. The movie theater is across the street from the library.

12. The museum is next door to the library.

13. The post office is on Franklin Avenue between the bank and the drug store.

14. The railroad is in back of the office buildings.

15. The office buildings are facing the park.

16. The shopping center is between 9th and 10th Streets.

17. The apartment buildings are on 10th Street and Washington Avenue.

18. The apartment buildings are along the river.

19. There's a big parking lot beside the shopping center.

20. The gas station is across the street from the sopping center.

21. The hospital is on the other side of Washington Avenue form the gas station.

22. The office buildings are opposite the park.

23. The library is down 11th Street form the hotel.

24. The church is next door to the school.

25. The apartments are up 10th Street form the station.

26. The hotel is on the other side of the park from the City Hall.

LESSON 17

The use of there as subject is introduced here. This is followed by practice on

prepositional modifiers of place such on the table, at the door, etc. Since Chart 4 was

designed for practice in the above two areas ,It is used extensively throughout the

lesson. More on which questions

involving one and ones is included, and the lesson ends with a question and answer

practice on Picture 1.

1 CHART 3. TENSE VARIATIONS

1.  Teacher at the moment

S.1 Is he listening to the radio at the moment?

2.  Teacher tonight

S.2  Are they going to play cards tonight?

3.  Teacher last Sunday

S.3 Did the practice the piano last Sunday?

Continue

4. before every class       Does he memorize the dialogue before every class?

5. soon                     Is he going to visit some relatives soon?

6. yesterday afternoon      Did she wash the dishes yesterday afternoon?

7. now                      Are they watching television now?

8. every Sunday             Does he work every Sunday?

9. this evening             Is she going to type a report this evening?

10. now                     Are they getting together with some friends                                       now?

11. last Thursday           Did she iron the clothes last Thursday?

12. next month              Are they going to attend a conference next                                        month?

2 CHART 4. THE SUBJECT THERE

(a) Chart 4, Series A: affirmative forms

1. S.1 There's a full glass on the table.

2. S.2 There's a noisy room over the garage.

3. S.3 There're some healthy children in the park.

Continue

4. There's dirty dish beside the sink.

5. There're some happy girls behind the counter.

6. There's a hardworking student at the desk.

7. There's a comfortable chair in the corner.

9. There's an elderly woman at the door.

(b) Chart 4, Series B: negative forms

1. S.1 There aren't any full glasses on the shelf.

2. S.2 There aren't any noisy rooms on the third floor.

3. S.3 There isn't a healthy child in the hospital.

Continue

4. There aren't any dirty dishes in the cupboard.

5. There isn't a happy girl at the window.

6. There aren't any hardworking students around the table.

7. There isn't an open window at the side of the house.

8. There aren't any comfortable chairs along the wall.

9. There aren't any elderly women at the gate.

(c) Chart 4, Series A and B: short answers

1.   S.1 Are there any empty glasses on the shelf?

S.2  Yes, there are.

S.1  Are there any on the table?

S.2  No, there aren't.

2.   S.3 Are there any quiet room on the floor?

S.4  Yes, there are.

S.3  Is there one over the garage?

S.4  No, there isn't.

Continue

3. Is there a sick child in the hospital?      Yes, there is.

   Are there any in the park?                  No, there aren't.

4. Are there any clean dishes in the cupboard? Yes, there are.

   Is there one beside the sink?               No, there isn't.

5. Is there a depressed girl at the window?    Yes, there is.

   Are there any behind the counter?          No, there aren't.

6. Are there any lazy students around the table? Yes, there are.

   Is there one at the desk?                   No, there isn't.

7. Is there a closed window at the side of the house? Yes, there is.

   Are there any at the back of the house?     No, there aren't.

8. Are there any uncomfortable chairs along the wall? Yes, there are.

   Is there one in the corner?                 No, there isn't.

9. Are there any young women at the gate?     Yes. there are.

   Is there one at the door?                   No, there isn't.

3 DIALOGUE ADAPTATION. SUSTITUTION

1998/10/12

Look! There're two men coming out of the house.

Look! There's a man coming out of the house.

Look! There's a man standing near the bank.

Look! There're two policemen standing near the bank.

Continue

1. going into that building        Look! There're tow policemen going

                                   into that building.

2. an elderly man                  Look! There's an elderly man going

                                   into that building.

3. sitting on the sidewalk         Look! There's elderly man sitting

                                   on the sidewalk.

4. some children                   Look! There's some children sitting                                                 on the sidewalk.

5. playing on the street           Look! There're some children playing                                                on the street.

6. running down the street         Look! There're some children running                                             down the street.

7. a thief                         Look! There's a thief running down

                                   the street.

8. a policeman                     Look! There's a policeman running

                                   down the street.

9. chasing the thief               Look! There's a policeman chasing

                                   the thief.

10. some people                    Look! There're some people chasing

                                   the thief.

11. catching him                   Look! There're some people catching                                              him.

12. taking to the policeman        Look! There're some people talking

                                   to the policeman.

13. a reporter                     Look! There's a reporter talking to

                                   the policeman.

14. writing a report of the robbery  Look! There's a reporter writing a                                                report of the robbery.

15. making a phone call           Look! There's a reporter making a                                                  phone call.

 

4 PREPOSITIOAL NOUN MODIFIERS

(a) Chart 4

1.     S.1 The glass on the table is full.

       S.2 The glasses on the shelf are empty.

2.     S.3 The room over the garage is noisy.

       S.4 The room on the third floor are quiet.

Continue with the remaining items of the chart.

(b) Sentence combination

Teacher   There's a book on the desk. It's mine.

          S.1 The book on the desk is mine.

Teacher   There's a policeman at the intersection.

          He's directing the traffic.

        S.2 The policeman at the intersection is directing the traffic.

Teacher   There was a test last week. It was very hard.

          S.3 The test last week was very hard.

Teacher   That lady has a kind face. She's a teacher.

          S.4 That lady with a kind face is a teacher.

Continue

1998/10/13

1. The lecture was on history.@The lecture on history was interesting.

   It was interesting.    

2. There're some shoes under    Are the shoes under the bed yours?

   the bed. Are they yours?

3. There's a girl sitting opposite   Do you know the girl sitting

   you. Do you know her?         opposite you?

4. It's a car. It's red. It's parked   Whose is the red car parked in

   in front of the Wilsons' house.    front of the Wilson's house?

   Whose is it?

5. There was a test. It was last week. How was the test in the lab last

   It was in the lab. How was it?      week?

6. She's pretty.She has a red dress.    Who is the pretty girl with the

   She's sitting next to you.          red dress sitting next to you?

   Who is she?                                     

7. He's a teacher. He's tall.        Does the tall teacher with glasses live near here?

   He has glasses.                Does he live near here?

8. Those guys have long hair.     Are those funny guys with long hair pop singer?

   They're funny.                Are they pop singer? 

5 POSSESSIVE FORMS. TRANSFOMATION

Teacher That book belongs to the teacher.

S.1 That's the teacher's book.

Teacher The box has a lid. The lid is off.

S.2 The lid of the box is off.

Continue

!. He belong to the club.            He's a member of the club.

2. That lady's wearing a white scarf.  That lady's scarf is white.

3. That pencil belongs to Mark.      That's Mark's pencil.

4. The school has a large enrollment. The enrollment of the school

                                   is large.

5. That garden belong to Mr. Green.  That's Mr. Green's garden.

6. I see a car. It belongs to the salesman.

                                  I see the salesman's car.

7. Ken speaks English very well.     Ken's English is very good.

8. The doctor's carrying a large bag.  The doctor's bag is large.

9. Mary has very white teeth.        Mary's teeth are very white.

10. Do you know when the program is?

                                  Do you know the time of the program?

11. Can you tell me what color his house is?

                                  Can you tell me the color of his house?

12. That desk belongs to the secretary.

                                  That's the secretary's desk.

13. That dog has very short legs.    The dog's legs are very short.

14. That table has very long legs.    The legs of that table are very long.

15. Betty has some pearls. They're very nice.

                                  Betty's pearls are very nice.

 

 6 QUESTIONS WITH WHICH

Teacher pen-red-blue

S.1 Which pen do you want, the red one or the blue one?

S.2 I want the red one.

Teacher pencil-long-short

S.3 Which pencil do you want, the long ones or the short ones?

S.4 I want the long ones.

Continue

1. the library-the movie theater Where's the library?

                         It's across the street from the movie theater.

2. the church-the school    Where's the church?

                            It's next door to the school.

3. the apartment buildings-the river Where're the apartment buildings?

                                     They're along the river.

4. the library-north   Where's the library?

                       It's north of the river.

5. the drugstore-corner   Where's the drugstore?

                 It's at the corner of Franklin Avenue and 10th Street.

6. the hospital- the gas station Where's the hospital?

   It's on the other side of Washington Avenue from the gas station.

7. the library-down    Where's the library?

                       It's down 11th Street form the hotel.       

8. the railroad-in back of Where's the railroad?

                           It's in back of the office buildings.

9. the park-center  Where's the park?

                    It's in the center of the town.

10. the shopping center-between Where's the sopping center?

                                It's between 9th and 10th Streets.

11. the office buildings-facing Where're the office buildings?

                                 They're facing the park.

12. the apartment buildings-on Where're the apartment buildings?

                         They're on 10th Street and Washington Avenue.

13. the parking lot-beside  Where's the parking lot?

                            It's beside the shopping center.

14. the gas station-the shopping center Where's the gas station?

                      It's across the street from the shopping center.

15. the museum-the library Where's the museum?

    It's next door to the library.

16. the hotel-the City Hall Where's the hotel?

    It's on the other side of the park form the City Hall.

17. the City Hall-opposite Where's the City Hall?

    It's opposite the shopping center.

18. the bank-corner Where's the bank?

    It's at the corner of Franklin Avenue and 9th Street.

19. the hospital-corner Where's the hospital?

    It's at the corner of Washington Avenue and 9th Street.

20. the port office-facing Where's the post office?

    It's facing the station.

LESSON 18

 This lesson is mainly about prices and the verbs buy. cost and pay.

Additional practice on the subject there and on the use of one and ones with

prepositional modifiers is also included.

DIALOGUE: "A REAL BARGAIN"

Kiz    What do you think of my new coat?

Jim   It's very nice.  When did you get it?

Liz   Last Saturday.  Guess how much it cost?

Jim   I can't.        I'm no good at guessing prices.

Liz   Have a try anyway.

Jim   Hmmm....Let's see....A hundred dollars?

Liz   No. Guess again.

Jim   A hundred and twenty?

Liz   NO.

Jim   I give up. How much did you pay for it ?

Liz   Sixty-five dollars.

Jim   Is that all?

Liz   Yes. It was a real bargain.

1 TENSE VARIATIONS. SUBSTITUTION

Liz bought a new coat last week.

Liz went shopping last week.

Liz didn't go shopping last week.

Liz doesn't go shopping every day.

I don't go shopping every day.

Continue

1. take a walk      I don't take a walk every day.

2. tomorrow        I'm not going to take a walk tomorrow.

3. (affirmative)      I'm going to take a walk tomorrow.

4. they            They're going to take a walk tomorrow.

5. play golf        They're going to play golf tomorrow.

6.(question)         Are they going to play golf tomorrow?

7. next Sunday     Are they going to play golf next Sunday?

8. last Sunday      Did they play golf last Sunday?

9. every Sunday    Do they play golf every Sunday?

10. you            Do you play golf every Sunday?

11. read the paper  Do you read the paper every Sunday?

12. this morning    Did you read the paper this morning?

13. Mr. Andrews    Did Mr. Andrews read the paper this morning?

14.(statement)      Mr.Andrews read the paper this morning.

15. very busy       Mr. Andrews was very busy this morning.

16. today           Mr. Andrews is very busy today.

17. in the office     Mr. Andrews is in the office today.

18.(negative)        Mr. Andrews isn't in the office today.

19. yesterday       Mr. Andrews wasn't in the office yesterday.

20. wear a coat     Mr. Andrews didn't wear a coat yesterday.

21. I              I didn't wear a coat yesterday.

22. (affirmative)     I wore a coat yesterday.

23. now            I'm wearing a coat now.

24. tomorrow        I'm going to wear a coat tomorrow.

25. in summer       I wear a coat in summer.

26. you             You wear a coat in summer.

27. (question)       Do you wear a coat in summer?

28. last summer     Did you wear a coat last summer?

29. go to Hokkaido  Did you go to Hokkaido last summer?

30. next summer     Are you going to go to Hokkaido next summer?

" CHART 4. ONE AND ONES. Q&A

1. S.1 Which glass is full?

S.2 The one on the table is.

S.1 Which ones are empty?

S.2 The ones on the shelf are.

2. S.3 Which room is noisy?

S.4 The one over the garage is.

S.3 Which ones are quiet?

S.4 The ones on the third floor are.

Continue

3. Which children are healthy?   The ones in the park are.

   Which one is sick?            The one in the hospital is.

4. Which dish is dirty?          The one beside the sink is.

   Which ones are clean?         The ones in the cupboard are.

5. Which girls are happy?        The ones behind the counter are.

   Which one is depressed?       The one at the window is.

6. Which student is hardworking?  The one at the desk is.

   Which ones are lazy?           The ones around the table are.

7. Which windows are open?        The ones at the back of the house are.

   Which one is closed?           The one at the side of the house is.

8. Which chair is comfortable?    The one in the corner is.

   Which ones are uncomfortable?  The ones along the wall are.

9. Which woman is elderly?        The one at the door is.

   Which ones are young?          The ones at the gate are.

3 THE USE AND NON-USE OF THERE. SUBSTITUTION

  There's usually a class on Monday.

  There're usually some classes on Monday.     

  The class is usually on Monday.

  There's usually a meeting on Monday.

  There's usually a meeting at 6 o'clock.

Continue

1. a lecture          There's usually a lecture at 6 o'clock.

2. the lecture        The lecture's usually at 6 o'clock.

3.some games        There're usually some games at 6 o'clock.

4. the games         The games're usually at 6 o'clock.

5. a game           There's usually a game at 6 o'clock.

6. on weekends      There's usually a game on weekends.

7. a party           There's usually a party on weekends.

8. on Saturdays      There's a party on Saturdays.

9. the party         The party's usually on Saturdays.

10. a dance         There's usually a dance on Saturdays.

11. some classes     There're usually some classes on Saturdays.

12. in summer       There're usually some classes in summer.

13. some vacations   There're usually some vacations in summer.

14. the vacations     The vacations're usually in summer.

15. an English course There's usually an English course in summer.

16. some hot days    There're usually some hot days in summer.

17. an examination    There's usually an examination in summer.

18. the examinations  The examinations're usually in summer.

19. in the morning    The examinations're usually in the morning.

20. a meeting        There's usually a meeting in the morning.

4 DEFINITE AND INDEFINTE NOUN SUBSITETUTES

Teacher a policeman

S.1 I'm looking for a policeman.

S.2 There's one over there.

Teacher the teacher

S.3 I'm looking for the teacher.

S.4 He's/she's over there.

Teacher the students

S.5 I'm looking for the students.

S.6 They're over there.

Teacher  students

S.7 I'm looking for students.

S.8 There're some over there.

Continue

1. I'm looking for cigarettes.   There're some over there.

2. I'm looking for a cigarette.  There's one over there.

3. I'm looking for my brother.   He's over there.

4. I'm looking for my tie.       It's over there.

5. I'm looking for a doctor.     There's one over there.

6. I'm looking for stamps.       There're some over there.

7. I'm looking for my books.     There're some over there.

8. I'm looking for Americans.    There're some over there.

9. I'm looking for an American.  There's one over there.

10. I'm looking for the American. He's over there.

11. I'm looking for office workers. There're some over there.

12. I'm looking for the office workers.  They're over there.

13. I'm looking for  an office worker.  There's one over there.

14. I'm looking for a camera.    There's one over there.

15. I'm looking for my camera.   It's over there.

16. I'm looking for the president. He's over there.

17. I'm looking for some bananas. There some over there.

18. I'm looking for the papers.   They're over there.

19. I'm looking for the secretary.  She's over there.

20. I'm looking for a secretary.  There's one over there.

5 HOW MUCH, COST AND PAY

(a) Repetition

1. How much was Liz's coat?

2. How much did her coat cost?

3. How much did she pay for her coat?

4. Liz's coat was $65.00.

5. That coat cost Liz $65.00.

6. Liz paid $65.00 for that coat.

7. How much is a bottle of coke?

8. How much does a bottle of coke cost?

9. A bottle of coke is \50.

10. A bottle of coke costs \50.

(b) Transformation to COST

Teacher  How much are those bananas?

    S.1 How much do those bananas cost?

Teacher How much was your car?

    S.2 How much did your car cost?

Teacher They paid ten million yen for that house.

    S.3 That house cost ten million yen.

Teacher I bought this dictionary for \2,000.

    S.4 This dictionary cost \2,000.

Teacher How much did you pay for your shoes?

    S.5 How much did your shoes cost?

Continue

1. How much is this umbrella?      How much does this umbrella cost?

2. How much was your new suit?   How much did your new suit cost?

3. This sweater was only \2,500.    This sweater cost only \2,500.

4. How much is a pack of cigarettes?

   How much does a pack of cigarettes cost?

5. I paid \1,500 for my haircut.    My haircut cost \1,500.

6. I bought these cakes for \800.   These cakes cost \800.

7. How much did you pay for that camera?  

   How much did that camera cost?

8. She paid \150,000 for this furniture? This furniture cost \150,000.

9. How much is a liter of gas?     How much does a liter of gas cost?

10. We paid a lot for that TV set.  That TV set cost a lot.

(c) Transformation to PAY

Teacher The trip is going to cost us a lot.

    S.1 We're going to pay a lot for the trip.

Teacher Her coffee set cost \12,000.

    S.2 She paid \12,000 for her coffee set.

Teacher How much was your watch?

    S.3 How much did you pay for your watch?

Continue

1. That car cost Mr.Tanaka $3,000. Mr. Tanaka paid $3,000 for that car.

2. A haircut costs about $4.00 in America.

   You pay about $4.00 for a haircut in America.

3. Meat costs a lot in Japan. You pay a lot for meat in Japan.

4. How much did their new house cost?

   How much did they pay for their new house?

5. Guess how much this coat cost?   Guess how much I paid for this coat.

6. Guess how much her purse cost.   Guess how much they paid for her purse.

7. Guess how much their new furniture cost.

   Guess how much they paid for their new furniture.

8. I bought this tennis racket for \6,000.

   I paid \6,000 for this tennis racket.

9. How much did your golf clubs cost?

   How much did you pay for your golf clubs?

10. I'm going to buy that house for fifteen million yen.

    I'm going to pay fifteen million yen for that house.

6 BUY,COST AND PAY. CONVERSATION

Teacher this pen

S.1 I bought this pen last week.(free choice of time)

S.2 How much did it cost?

S.1 It cost \2,000 (free choice)

S.3 How much did ...pay for that pen? (referring to S.1)

S.2 He/she paid \2,000 for it.

Teacher some flows

S.4 I bought some flowers yesterday. (free choice of time)

S.5 How much did they cost?

S.4 They cost \600. (free choice)

S.6 How much did ...pay for the flowers? (referring to S.4)

S.5 He/she paid \600 for them.

Continue

1. two magazines    S.1 I bought two magazines last week.

                    S.2 How much did they cost?

                    S.1 They cost \1,000.

                    S.3 How much did you pay fot that magazines?

                    S.2 He paid \1,000 for them.

 

2. a tape recorder  S.1 I bought a tape recorder today.

                    S.2 How much did it cost?

                    S.1 It cost \10,000.

                    S.3 How much did he pay for that tape recorder?

                    S.2 He paid \10,000 for it.

3. four cokes       S.4 I bought four cokes last night.

                    S.5 How much did they cost?

                    S.4 They cost \400.

                    S.6 How much did you pay for the cokes?

                    S.5 She paid \400 for them.

 

4. a pair of shoes  S.4 I bought a pair of shoes yesterday.

                    S.5 How much did they cost?

                    S.4 They cost \5,000.

                    S.6 How much did she pay for that shoes?

                    S.5 She paid \5,000 for them.

5. a dog            S.1 I bought a dog last month.

                    S.2 How much did it cost?

                    S.1 It cost \20,000.

                    S.3 How much did he pay for that dog?

                    S.2 He paid \20,000 for it.

6. two shirts       S.4 I bought two shirts last week end.

                    S.5 How much did they cost?

                    S.4 They cost \3,000.

                    S.6 How much did she pay for the shirts?

                    S.5 She paid \3,000 for them.

7. some stockings   S.4 I bought some stockings last year.

                    S.5 How much did they cost?

                    S.4 They cost \5,000.

                    S.6 How much did she pay for the stockings.

                    S.5 She paid \5,000 for them.

 

8. lunch            S.1 I had lunch last evening.

                    S.2 How much did it cost?

                    S.1 It cost \2,000.

                    S.3 How much did she pay for the lunch?

                    S.2 She paid \2,000 for it.

9. a sports car     S.1 I bought a sports car last month.

                    S.2 How much did it cost?

                    S.1 It cost \2,500,000.

                    S.3 How much did he pay for that sports car?

                    S.2 He paid \2,500,000 for it.

10. a new house     S.1 I bought a new house two years ago.

                    S.2 How much did it cost?

                    S.1 It cost \30,000,000.

                    S.3 How much did you paid for that house?

                    S.2 He paid \30,000,000 for it.

 

LESSON 19

 Since prices very considerably form time to time and place to place,

none are given for the items of 19.2. Instead, the class should find

out current prices. The expressions good at, not very good at, and no

good at are practiced, and the subject there is reviewed. 

The lesson ends with a section on questions using the expression,

What do you think of ...?,with free choice of answers.

1 TENSE VARIATION. CHART PRACTICE

(a)Chart 3

1. Teacher  now

S.1 He's listening to the radio now.

2. Teacher two weeks ago

S.2 They played cards two weeks ago.

3. Teacher every morning

S.3 She practices the piano every morning.

Continue

4. twice a month  He memorizes the dialogue twice a month.

5. now  He's visiting some relatives now.

6. three times a day  She washes the dishes three times a day.

7. yesterday evening  They watches television yesterday evening.

8. every day   He works every day.

9. tomorrow morning   She's going to type a report tomorrow morning.

10. now   They're getting together wit some friends now.

11. thfe day after tomorrow  She's going to iron the clothes

                             the day after tomorrow.

12. the week before last     They attended a conference the week

                             before last.

(b) Chart 1

1. Teacher  on Mondays

       S.1 Who teaches English on Mondays?

       S.2  Miss Cullen does.

2. Teacher  this morning

       S.3 Who examines a patient this morning?

       S.4  Dr.Bishop did.

3. Teacher  next month

       S.5 Who's going to design a machine next month?

       S.6 Mr. Richards is.

Continue

4. always        Who always looks after her family?

                 Mrs. Jones does.

5. yesterday     Who took some photographs yesterday?

                 Mr. Smith did.

6. now           Who's playing in a tournament now?

                 Mr. Brown is.

7. often         Who often takes care of sick people?

                 Miss McBride does.

8. soon          Who's going to write an article soon?

                 Mr. King is.

9. now           Who's repairing a car now?

                 Mr. Jordan is.

10. every other day   Who serves passengers every other day?

                      Miss Clark does.

11. this morning      Who typed a letter this morning?

                      Miss Reen did.

12. tomorrow          Who's going to sell an air conditioner tomorrow?

                      Mr.Walton is.

2 cost per unit

(a) Repetition

1. These eggs cost.......yen apiece.

2. These eggs cost ...yen a dozen.

3. This gas costs...yen a litter.

4. This beer costs...yen a bottle.

5. These cigarettes cost...yen a pack.

6. This ham costs...yen a kilo.

7. This material costs...yen a meter.

8. This land costs...yen a square meter.

9. This jam costs...yen a jar.

10. These candies cost...yen a box.

(b) Questions and answers

Teacher those eggs - apiece

S.1 How much do those eggs cost?

S.2 They cost...yen apiece.

Teacher those eggs - a dozen

S.3 How much do those eggs cost?

S.4 They cost...yen a dozen.

Teacher gas - a litter

S.5 How much does gas cost?

S.6 It costs...yen a liter.

Continue

1. cigarettes - a pack

S.1 How much do those cigarettes cost?

S.2 They cost 200yen a pack.

2. beer - a large bottle

S.1 How much does cost this large bottle?

S.2 It costs 400yen a bottle.

3. those apples - apiece

S.1 How much do those apples cost ?

S.2 They cost 100yen apiece.

4. that silk - a meter

S.1 How much does this silk cost?

S.2 It costs 5,000yen a meter.

5. the best ham

S.1 How much does this best ham cost?

S.2 It costs 2,00yen a kilo.

6. soy sauce - a bottle

S.1 How much does soy sauce cost?

S.2 It costs 350yen a bottle.

7. those candies - a box

S.1 How much does those candies cost?

S.2 It costs 200yen a box.

8. that jam - a small jar

S.1 How much does that jam cost?

S.2 It costs 600yen a small jar.

9. this land - a square mete

S.1 How much does this land cost?

S.2 This costs 10,000yen a square meter.

10. sugar - a kilo

S.1 How much does this sugar cost?

S.2 this costs 300yen a kilo.

11. those bananas - apiece

S.1 How much do those bananas cost?

S.2 This costs 30yen apiece.

12. coke - a small bottle

S.1 How much does coke cost?

S.2 It costs 100yen a small bottle.

3 CHANGING MONEY. CONVERSATION

Teacher eight cents

S.1 That's eighty cents, please.

S.2 Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

S.1 Yes. Here you are, nine dollars and twenty cents.

Continue

1. one dollar         That's one dollar, please.

                    Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

                    Yea. Here you are, nine dollars.

2. three dollars       That's three dollars, please.

                    Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

                    Yes, Here you are seven dollars.

3. two fifty          That's two fifty pleas.

                     Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

                     Yes. Here you are, seven dollars and fifty cents.

4. twenty cents        That's twenty cents, please.

                     Can you change a ten-dollars bill?

                     Yes. here you are, nine dollars and eighty cents.

5. a dollar twenty     That's a dollar twenty, please.

                       Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

                      Yes. Here you are, eight dollars  and eighty cents.

6. five dollars        That's five dollars, please.

                       Can you change a ten dollar bill?

                       Yes. Here you are, five dollars.

7. three and a half    That's three and a half, please.

                       Can you change a ten dollar bill?

                       Yes. Here you are, six dollars and fifty cents.

8. four and a quarter  That's four and a quarter, please.

                       Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

                     Yes. Here you are, five dollars and seventy-five cents.

9. ninety cents        That's ninety cents, please.

                     Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

                     Yes. Here you are, nine dollars and ten cents.

10. three seventy-five   That's three seventy-five, please.

                     Can you change a ten-dollar bill?

                    Yea. Here you are, six dollars and twenty-five cents.

4 GOOD AT,NOT VERY GOOT AT, NO GOOT AT

(a) Questions and answers

Teacher cooking

S.1    Are you good at cooking?

S.2    Yes, I'm pretty good at cooking.

or     No, I'm not very good at cooking.

or     No, I'm no good at cooking.

Teacher English

S.3    Are you good at English?

S.4    Yes, I'm pretty good at English.

or     No, I'm not very good at English.

or     No, I'm no good at English.

Continue

1. telling jokes

S.1    Are you good at telling jokes?

S.2    Yes, I'm pretty good at telling jokes.

or     No, I'm not very good at telling joke.

or     No, I'm no good at telling jokes.

2. tennis

S1.    Are you good at tennis?

S.2    Yes, I'm pretty at tennis.

or     No, I'm not very good at tennis.

or     No, I'm no good at tennis.

3. remembering names

S.1    Are you good at remembering names?

S.2    Yes, I'm pretty good at remembering names.

or     No, I'm not very good at remembering names.

or     No, I'm no good at remembering names.  

4. saving money

S.1    Are you good at saving money?

S.2    Yes, I'm pretty good at saving money.

or     No, I'm not very good at saving money.

or     No, I'm no good at saving money.

5. golf

S.1    Are you good at gold?

S.2    Yes, I'm pretty good at golf.

or     No, I'm, not very good at golf.

or     No, I'm no good at golf.

6. getting up in the morning

S.1    Are you good at getting up in the morning?

S.2    Yes, I'm pretty good at getting up in the morning.

or     No,  I'm not very good at getting up in the morning.

or     No, I'm no good at getting up in the morning.

7. spelling

S.1    Are you good at spelling?

S.2    Yea, I'm pretty good at spelling.

or     No, I'm not very good at spelling.

or     No, I'm no good at spelling.

8. answering questions

S.1    Are you good at answering questions?

S.2    Yea, I'm pretty good at answering questions.

or     No, I'm very good at answering questions.

or     No, I'm no good at answering questions.

9. games

S.1    Are you good at games?

S.2    Yea, I'm very good at games.

or     No, I'm not very good at games.

or     I'm no good at games.